The distinction between "énoncé" and "énonciation" is a common one in contemporary French thinking.
"Énoncé", which is translated as "statement", refers to the actual words uttered, "énonciation" to the act of uttering them.
Enunciation and Statement
The statement refers to the actual words uttered; the enunciation refers to the act of uttering them.
An enunciation is speech analyzed as an individual act performed by a particular speaker at a specific time / place, and in a specific situation.
Long before Lacan uses these terms, he is aleady making a similar distinction.
Subject of the Unconscious
Graph of Desire
In designating the enunciation as unconscious, Lacan affirms that the source of speech is not the ego, nor consciousness, but the unconscious; language comes from the Other, and the idea that "I" am master of my discourse is only an illusion.
Subject of the Statement or Enunciation
- Lacan, Jacques. Écrits. Paris: Seuil, 1966. p.83
- Lacan, Jacques. Écrits. Paris: Seuil, 1966. p.167
- Lacan, Jacques. Écrits: A Selection. Trans. Alan Sheridan. London: Tavistock Publications, 1977. p.316
- Lacan, Jacques. Écrits: A Selection. Trans. Alan Sheridan. London: Tavistock Publications, 1977. p.298
- Lacan, Jacques. The Seminar. Book XI. The Four Fundamental Concepts of Psychoanalysis, 1964. Trans. Alan Sheridan. London: Hogarth Press and Institute of Psycho-Analysis, 1977. p.139