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Name-of-the-Father

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"[[Name-of-the-Father]] ([[Fr]]. ''[[{{Topp}}Nom-du-Père]]'') The [[Name of the Father]]' (Fr. ‘’Nom du père’’) , is the [[signifier]] associated with the [[signified]] [[concept]] of the [[father]].  The name of the Father is a [[symbolic]] formation.{{Bottom}}
==Jacques Lacan==
===Symbolic Father===
When the expression "[[Name-of-the-Father|the name of the father]]" first appeared in [[Lacan]]’s [[work]], in the early 1950s, it is without [[capital]] letters and refers generally to the '''legislative''' and '''prohibitive''' function of the "'''[[symbolic]] [[father]]'''" as the one who lays down the [[taboo]] on [[incest]] in the '''[[Oedipus complex]]'''.
[[Jacques Lacan]] introduced <blockquote>"It is in the concept of the [[Name-of-the-Father]] into [[psychoanalytic theory]].  When the expression "'[[Name-of-the-Father|the name of the father]]" first appeared in [[Lacan]]’s work, in the early 1950s, it is without capital letters and refers generally to the "[[prohibition|prohibitive role]]" of the "[[symbolic]] [[father]]" as the one who lays down the [[incest]] [[taboo]] in the [[Oedipus complex]]. <blockquote>It is in the 'name of the father' that we must recognize the support of the '''symbolic function ''' which, from the dawn of [[history]], has [[identified ]] his person with '''the [[figure ]] of the law'''."<ref>{{E}} p.67</ref></blockquote>  ===The 'No" of the Father=== From the beginning [[Lacan]] plays on the homophony of ''le nom du père'' (the name of the father) and ''le 'non' du père'' (the 'no' of the father), to emphasize the legislative and prohibitive function of the [[symbolic]] [[father]] -- the 'no' of the [[incest]] [[taboo]]. In the French language, the expression “the name of the father” (''le nom du père'') is phonetically similar to the expression “the ‘no’ of the father” (''le ‘non’ du père'').Lacan plays on this similarity to emphasize the prohibitive function of the symbolic father (the ‘no’ of the [[incest]] [[taboo]]).  The term is a play on the near-homonyms ''non'' and ''nom''. The "[[Name-of-the-Father]]" (''[[nom-du-père]]'') can be read the "'No' of the [[Father]]" (''non-du-père''). The 'No' refers to the [[symbolic]] [[prohibition]]  The 'No' of the [[Father]] to the [[desire]] of the [[child]] for [[incest]]uous relations with the [[mother]]. The 'No' of the [[Father]] to the [[child]]'s [[incest]]uous [[desire]] for the [[mother]].
===Legislative and Prohibitive Function===
The rexpression is at once a semi-humorous [[religion|religious]] allusion and a play on the near-homonyms '''''non''''' and '''''nom''''': the '''[[name-of-the-father]]''' ('''''le nom du père''''') is also the [[father]]'s "'''no'''" ('''''le "non" du père''''') to the [[child]]'s [[incest]]uous '''[[desire]]''' for its '''[[mother]]'''. (the '''[[law|legislative and prohibitive function]]''' of the '''[[symbolic]] [[father]]''')
===Fundamental Signifier===
In [[Lacan]]'s 1955-6 [[seminar]], [[The Psychoses]], the expression becomes capitalized and hyphenated and takes on a more precise [[meaning]]; the [[Name-of-the-Father]] is described as the '''[[fundamental signifier]]''' which permits '''[[signification]]''' to proceed normally.
A few years later, in the [[seminar]] on the [[psychoses]], the expression becomes capitalized and hyphenated and takes on a more precise meaning; the The [[Name-of-the-Father]] is now the [[fundamental signifier]] which permits [[signification]] to proceed normally. This [[fundamental signifier]] both confers identity on the [[subject]] (it names him, positions him within the [[symbolic order]]) and signifies the [[Oedipal]] [[prohibition]], the 'no' of the incest taboo. If this [[signifier]] is [[foreclosed]] (not included in the [[symbolic order]]), the result is [[psychosis]]. In [[Lacan]]'s 1955-6 [[seminar]], [[The Psychoses]], the [[name-of-the-father]] is described as the fundamental [[signifier]] that both confers [[identity]] on [[human]] [[subject]]s (by situating [[them ]] in a lineage and the [[symbolic]] [[order]]), and reiterates the [[prohibition]] on [[incest]].  ===Other=== In another work on [[psychosis]signification|signifies], [[Lacan]] represents of the '''[[Oedipus complex|Oedipal]] as a [[metaphorlaw|prohibition]] ([[paternal metaphor]])''', in which one [[signifier]] (the [[Name-''''no'''' of-the-Father]]) substitutes another (the [[desireincest]] of the [[mothertaboo]]).   
==Psychosis=Foreclosure===The [[foreclosure]] of the this [[name-of-the-fatherfundamental signifier]], or its [[expulsion ]] from the [[subject]]'s [[symbolic|symbolic universe]] universe, is said by [[Lacan]] to be the mechanism that triggers [[psychosis]]. If this signifier is foreclosed (not included in the symbolic order), the result is [[psychosis]].Nevertheless, [[Jacques Lacanmechanism]] developed this concept with the ultimately unsuccessful aim of curing psychosis.   ==Outside Language==  The [[phallus]], as a [[representation]] of [[mastery]], can never be reached.   The [[father]] is above or [[outside]] the [[structure]] of [[language]].  [[Language]] relies on the [[absence]] of the [[phallus]] from the [[structure]] of [[signification]]. [[Language]] would not make sense, or produce [[meaning]], if the [[phallus]] were not '[[outside]]'.  Nothing can be thought that is 'triggers 'outside'' of language, but the phallus ''is'' there and therefore structures the whole system of thought accordingly.     ==Freud vs Lacan==     In ''[[Totem and Taboopsychosis]]'', [[Sigmund Freud]]  There was a [[father]] which the brothers killed. The brothers felt guilty about killing their [[father]]'.
===Paternal Metaphor===
[[Image:NOTF.gif|thumb|404px|right|The paternal metaphor]]
In [[another]] work on [[psychosis]], [[Lacan]] represents the '''[[Oedipus complex]]''' as a '''[[metaphor]]''' ('''[[paternal metaphor]]'''), in which one [[signifier]] (the [[Name-of-the-Father]]) [[metaphor|substitutes]] another (the [[desire]] of the [[mother]]).
==See Also==
{{See}}
* [[Castration]]
* [[Father]]
* [[Foreclosure]]
||
* [[Law]]
* [[Metaphor]]
* [[Oedipus complex]]
||
* [[Paternal metaphor]]
* [[Psychosis]]
* [[RealSeminar]]||* [[Signification]]
* [[Signifier]]
* [[Symbolic]]{{Also}}
==References==
<div style="font-size:11px" class="references-small">
<references/>
* Lacan, Jacques. (2002). The subversion of the subject and the dialectic of desire in the Freudian subconscious. In Écrits: A selection (Bruce Fink, Trans.). New York: Norton.</div>
[[category:Freudian psychology]]
[[Category:Psychoanalytic theoryLinguistics]][[Category:Jacques LacanLanguage]][[Category:TermsSymbolic]][[Category:Concepts]]{{OK}}[[Category:Dictionary]][[Category:Psychoanalysis]]__NOTOC__ __NOEDITSECTION__
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