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Algebra

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[[Algebra]] ([[Fr]]. ''[[algèbre]]'') is a branch of [[mathematics]] (or [[logic]]) concerned with the properties and relationships of abstract entities represented in symbolic form.
 
 
==Jacques Lacan==
 
[[Jacques Lacan]] begins to use [[algebraic]] [[symbol]]s in 1955 (in an attempt to [[formalise]] [[psychoanalysis]]).
 
===Formalization of Psychoanalysis===
 
Three main reasons lie behind this attempt at [[formalization]].
 
:1. [[Formalization is necessary for [[psychoanalysis]] to acquire [[scientific]] status.
 
:Just as [[Claude Lévi-Strauss]] uses quasi-mathematical formulae in an attempt to set [[anthropology]] on a more [[scientific]] footing, [[Lacan]] attempts to do the same for [[psychoanalysis]]
 
:[[Lacan]] used quasi-mathematical formulae in an attempt to set [[psychoanalysis]] on a more [[scientific]] footing.
 
:2. [[Formalization]] can provide a core of [[psychoanalytic theory]] which can be transmitted integrally even to those who have never experienced [[psychoanalytic treatment]].
 
:The [[matheme|formulae]] thus become an essential aspect of the [[training]] of [[psychoanalysis]] which take their place alongside [[training|training analysis]] as a medium for the transmission of [[psychoanalytic]] [[knowledge]].
 
:3. [[Formalization of [[psychoanalytic theory]] in terms of [[algebraic]] [[symbols]] is a means of preventing [[knowledge|intuitive understanding]], which [[Lacan]] regards as an [[imaginary]] [[lure]] which hinders access to the [[symbolic]].
 
:Rather than being understood in an intuitive way, the [[algebraic]] [[symbols]] are to be used, manipulated and read in various different ways.<ref>{{E}} p.313</ref>
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