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Complex

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The term "[[complex]]" occupies an important place in [[Lacan]]'s [[Works of Jacques Lacan|work]] (-- before 1950, where it is closely related to the ''[[imago]]'').
(Whereas the [[imago]] designates an [[imaginary]] stereoty[e stereotype relating to one person, the [[complex]] is a whole constellation of interacting ''[[imago]]s''. ==Dictionary==The term is used in both Freudian psychoanalysis and Jungian analytic psychology to describe organized sets of ideas and memories that are largely unconscious but have enormous affective power. Within Freudian psychoanalysis, the term is used very sparingly and is normally restrited to the [[Oedipus complex]] and the related [[castration complex]]. ==Complex and Imago== before 1950, where it is closely related to the [[image]].  The ''[[imago]]'' designates an [[imaginary]] stereotype relating to one person.  the [[complex]] is a whole constellation of interacting ''[[imago]]s''; it is the [[internalisation]] internalization of the [[subject]]'s earliest social [[structure]]s structures (i.e. the relationships between the various actors in his family environment).
A [[complex]] involves multiple [[identification]]s with all the interacting ''[[imago]]s'', and thus provides a script according to which the [[subject]] is led "to play out, as the sole actor, the drama of conflicts' between the members of his family."<ref>{{Ec}} p.90</ref>
In his pre-war work, [[Lacan]] argues that it is because [[human]] [[psychology]] is based on the [[complex]]es, which are entirely [[cultural]] products, rather than on [[natural]] [[instinct]]s, that human [[behaviour]] cannot be explained by reference to [[biological]] givens.
Nevertheless, while drawing this explicit contrast between [[complex]]es and [[instinct]]s, [[Lacan]] also recognises that [[complex]]es may be compared to [[instinct]]s in that they make up for the [[instinct]]ual inadequacy (insuffisance vitale) of the [[human]] [[infant]], and argues that the [[complex]]es are propped on [[biological]] functions such as [[weaning]].<ref>Lacan, {{1938: }} p.32-3</ref>
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Taking up the idea of a "trauma of weaning," first developed by René Laforgue in the 1920s, [[Lacan]] argues that no matter how late [[weaning]] occurs, it is always perceived by the [[infant]] as coming too early.
<blockquote>Whether [[trauma]]tic or not, [[weaning]] leaves in the [[human]] [[psyche]] a permanent trace of the [[biological]] relation which it interrupts. This life crisis is in effect accompanied by a psychical crisis, without doubt the first whose solution has a [[dialectic]]al [[structure]].<ref>Lacan, {{1938: }} p.27</ref></blockquote>
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