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Passage to the act

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The phrase "[[{{Top}}passage to the act]]" comes from French clinical psychiatry, which uses it to designate those impulsive acts, of a violent or criminal nature, which sometimes mark the onset of an acute psychotic episode.à l'acte{{Bottom}}
As the ===Definition from French Clinical Psychiatry===The phrase itself indicates, these acts are supposed "[[passage to mark the point when the subject proceeds act]]" comes from [[French]] [[clinic]]al [[psychiatry]], which uses it to designate those impulsive acts, of a violent idea or intention to criminal nature, which sometimes mark the corresponding actonset of an acute psychotic episode.
Because As the phrase itself indicates, these acts [[act]]s are attributed supposed to mark the action of point when the psychosis, French law absolves [[subject]] proceeds from a violent idea or [[intention]] to the perpetrator of civil responsibility for them.<ref>CHemama. 1993. pcorresponding [[act]].41</ref>
--Because these acts are attributed to the action of the [[psychosis]], French law absolves the perpetrator of civil responsibility for them.<ref>Chemama, Roland (ed.) (1993) ''Dictionnaire de la Psychanalyse. Dictionnaire actuel des signifiants, concepts et mathèmes de la psychanalyse'', Paris: Larousse. p.41</ref>
===Acting Out and the Passage to the Act===As [[psychoanalytic theory|psychoanalytic ideas ]] gained wider circulation in France in the first half of the twentieth century, it became common for [[French analysts ]] [[analyst]]s to use the term ''[[passage à l'acte]]'' to translate the term ''[[Passage to the act|Agieren]]'' used by [[Freud]]: i.e. as a synonym for [[acting out]].
However, in his [[seminar ]] of 1962-3, [[Lacan]] establishes a distinction between these terms.
While both are last resorts against [[anxiety]], the [[subject]] who [[acting out|acts something out ]] still remains in the [[scene]], whereas a [[passage to the act]] involves an exit from the [[scene]] altogether.
===Symbolic Order===[[Acting out]] is a symbolic message address to the [[big Other]], whereas a [[passage to the act]] is a flight from the [[Other]] into the dimension of the [[real]].
The [[passage to the act]] is thus an exit from the [[symbolic order|symbolic nework]], a dissolution of the social bond.
Although the [[passage to the act]] does not, according to [[Lacan]], necessarily imply an underlying [[psychosis]], it does entail a dissolution of the [[subject]]; for a moment, the [[subject]] becomes a pure [[object]].
--==Example from Freud==In order to illustrate what he means, [[Lacan]] refers to the case of the young homosexual woman treated by [[Freud]].<ref>Freud{{F}} (1920a) "The Psychogenesis of a Case of Female Homosexuality", [[SE]] XVIII, 147. 1920a</ref>
[[Freud]] reports that the young women was walking in the street with the woman she loved when she was spotted by her father, who cat an angry glance at her.
Immediately afterwards, she rushed off and threw herself over a wall down the side of a cutting onto a railway line.
[[Lacan ]] argues that this suicide attempt was a [[passage to the act]]; it was not a [[message ]] addressed to anyone, since [[symbolic|symbolization ]] had beocme become impossible for the young woman. Confronted with her father's desire, she was consumed with an uncontrollable anxiety and reacted in an impulsive way by identifying with the object. Thus she fell down (Ger. ''niederkommt'') like the ''objet petit a'', the leftover of [[significationwoman]].<ref>Lacan. 1962-3. seminar of 16 january 1963</ref>     
Confronted with her [[father]]'s [[desire]], she was consumed with an uncontrollable [[anxiety]] and reacted in an impulsive way by [[identification|identifying]] with the [[object]].
Thus she fell down ([[Ger]]. ''niederkommt'') like the ''[[objet petit a]]'', the leftover of [[signification]].<ref>Lacan. 1962-3. seminar of 16 january 1963</ref>
==See Also==
{{See}}
* [[Act]]
* [[Acting out]]
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* [[Anxiety]]
* [[Object]]
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* [[Other]]
* [[Psychosis]]
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* [[Subject]]
* [[Woman]]
{{Also}}
==References==
<references/>
[[Category:Practice]]
[[Category:Treatment]]
[[Category:Politics]]
[[Category:Jacques Lacan]]
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