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==Ferdinand de Saussure==
According to [[Saussure]], the [[signified]] is the [[conceptual]] element of the [[sign]].
It is not the real [[object]] denoted by a [[sign]] -- the [[referent]] -- but a [[psychological]] entity corresponding to such an [[object]].<ref>[[Saussure|Saussure, Ferdinand de]]. (1916) ''[[Saussure|Course in General Linguistics]]'', ed. Charles Bally and Albert Sechehaye, trans. Wade Baskin, Glasgow: Collins Fontana. 1916. p.66-7</ref>
==Jacques Lacan==
=====Primacy of the Signifier=====
For [[Saussure]], the [[signified]] has the same status as the [[signifier]]; both form equal sides of the [[sign]].
In other words, the [[signified]] is not given, but produced.
=====Materialism of Language=====
[[Lacan]]'s view is thus opposed to an expressionist view of [[language]], according to which [[concepts]] exist in some pre-verbal state before being expressed in the [[material]] medium of [[language]].
==See Also==
* [[Language]]
* [[Materialism]]
* [[Metaphor]]
* [[Sign]]
* [[Signification]]
* [[Signifier]]
* [[Language]]* [[Materialism]]* [[Metaphor]]{{Also}}
== References ==

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