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Name-of-the-Father

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The '''Name of the Father''' ([[French language|French]] ''Nom du père'') , or the '''names of the father''' is the [[signifier]] associated with the [[signified]] [[concept]] of the [[father]]. The name of the Father is a [[symbolic]] formation. == Prohibitive role ==
French theorist and psychoanalyst [[Jacques Lacan]] revised When the expression ‘the name of the Oedipus complex father’ first appears in Lacan’s work, in line with his [[structuralism|structuralist]] attempt the early 1950s, it refers generally to combine psychoanalysis and [[linguistics]]. Lacan claimed that the position ‘’’prohibitive role’’’ of the father could never be held by the infant. On the one hand the infant must identify with the father, in order to participate in [[sexual relationsfather]]. However the infant could also never ''become'' the father as this would imply sexual relations with the mother. Through the dictates on the one hand to be the father and on the other not to, who lays down the father is elevated to an [[idealincest]]. He is no longer a real material father, but a [[role|functiontaboo]] of a father. Lacan terms this in the [[Name of the FatherOedipus Complex]](i.e. The same goes for to the mother &mdash; Lacan no longer talks of a real mother, but simply of [[desire (Lacanian‘’’symbolic father’’’)|desire]], which .“It is a desire to return to in the ‘’name of the father’’ that we must recognize the undifferentiated state support of ''being'' together with the mothersymbolic function which, before from the interference through dawn of history, has identified his person with the Name-figure of-the-Fatherlaw.”<ref>E 67</ref>
This desire necessarily lacks something, i.e. it is a desire Lacan plays on the homophony of lack. The father and accordingly ‘’le nom du pEre’’ (the phallus (not a ''real'' penis, but a representation name of [[master]]ythe father) can never be reached, thus he is above or outside the language system and cannot be spoken about. All language relies on this absence of the phallus from ‘’le ‘non’ du pEre’’ (the system ‘no’ of [[signification]]. According to this theory, without a phallus ''outside'' of language, nothing ''in'' language would make sense or could be differentiated. Thus Lacan remodels the linguistic theory of Swiss linguist [[Ferdinand de Saussure]]. It is this idea that forms the basis of much contemporary thoughtfather), especially [[poststructuralism]]. Nothing can be thought that is ''outside'' of language, but to emphasize the phallus ''is'' there legislative and therefore structures the whole system of thought accordingly. Oedipus could also be thought prohibitive function of the theme of the storysymbolic father.
In his seminar on the psychoses, the expression becomes capitalized and hyphenated.
The Name-of-the-Father Is now the fundamental signifier which permtis signification to proceed normally.
This fundamental signifier both confers identity on the subject (it names him, positions him within the symbolic order) and signifies the Oedipal prohibition, the ‘no’ of the incest aboo.
If this signifier is foreclosed (not included in the symbolic order), the result is [[psychosis]].
==Freud vs Lacan== <!--- versus?, for what versus? --->
In ''[[Totem and Taboo]]'', [[Sigmund Freud]] uses a theory of the history, based on Darwin's [[theory of evolution]], in which there was first a terrible father that the brothers had to kill. Feeling guilty about it, the brothers began to pay homage to the father and founded [[monotheism]].
     The '''Name of the Father''' refers to the [[Law|laws]] and restrictions that control both [[desire]] and the rules of [[communication]], according to [[Lacan]].  The Name-of-the-Father is closely bound up with the [[superego]], the [[Phallus]], the [[symbolic]] [[order]], and the [[Oedipus Complex]].  The Name-of-the-Father has a shadow double in the Father-of-Enjoyment.   The '''Name of the Father''' (Fr. ‘’Nom du père’’) , or the '''names of the father''' is the [[signifier]] associated with the [[signified]] [[concept]] of the [[father]]. The name of the Father is a [[symbolic]] formation.  == Linguistics ==French theorist and psychoanalyst [[Jacques Lacan]] revised the [[Oedipus Complex]] in line with his [[structuralism|structuralist]] attempt to combine [[psychoanalysis]] and [[linguistics]]. The infant must identify with the father, in order to participate in [[sexual relations]]. However Lacan claimed that the position of the [[father]] could never be held by the [[infant]]. The infant could never ''become'' the father as this would imply sexual relations with the mother. {Through the dictates on the one hand to be the father and on the other not to, the father is elevated to an [[ideal]].} He is no longer a real father, but a [[role|function]] of a father.  Lacan terms this the [[Name of the Father]].  The same goes for the mother &mdash; Lacan no longer talks of a real mother, but simply of [[desire (Lacanian)|desire]], which is a desire to return to the undifferentiated state of ''being'' together with the mother, before the interference through the Name-of-the-Father.  This desire necessarily lacks something, i.e. it is a desire of lack.   The father and accordingly the phallus (not a ''real'' penis, but a representation of [[master]]y) can never be reached, thus he is above or outside the language system and cannot be spoken about. All language relies on this absence of the phallus from the system of [[signification]]. According to this theory, without a phallus ''outside'' of language, nothing ''in'' language would make sense or could be differentiated. Thus Lacan remodels the linguistic theory of Swiss linguist [[Ferdinand de Saussure]]. It is this idea that forms the basis of much contemporary thought, especially [[poststructuralism]]. Nothing can be thought that is ''outside'' of language, but the phallus ''is'' there and therefore structures the whole system of thought accordingly. Oedipus could also be thought of the theme of the story.  ==Freud vs Lacan== In ''[[Totem and Taboo]]'', [[Sigmund Freud]] uses a theory of the history, based on Darwin's [[theory of evolution]], in which there was first a terrible father that the brothers had to kill. Feeling guilty about it, the brothers began to pay homage to the father and founded [[monotheism]].  In Lacan's theory, the learning of [[language]] leads the child to kill his father as a [[symbol]]. Lacan does not use any historical theory.
This concept allows a new understanding of [[neurosis]].
==Psychosis==
Nevertheless, [[Jacques Lacan]] developed this concept with the ultimately unsuccessful aim of curing psychosis.
 
[[category:Freudian psychology]]
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