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Thing

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Thing ({{Top}}[[chose) ]]{{Bottom}}
[[Lacan]]'s [[discussion ]] of 'the "[[Thing' ]]" constitutes one of the central themes in the [[seminar ]] of 1959-60(''[[Seminars|L'éthique de la psychanalyse]]'' – "[[The Ethics of Psychoanalysis]]"), where he uses the [[French ]] term ''[[Thing|la chose ]]'' interchangeably with the [[German ]] term ''[[Thing|das Ding]]''. There are two main contexts in which this term operates.
1. ==Word-Presentations and Thing-Presentations==The first context of is [[Freud]]'s [[distinction ]] between '"[[Thing|word-presentations]]" (' ('[[Thing|Wort- vorstellungen]]'') and '"[[Thing|thing-presentations]]" (' ('[[Thing|Sachvorstellungen]]''). This The distinction is prominent in [[Freud]]'s metapsychological writings, in which he argues that the two types of presentation are bound together in the [[preconscious]]-[[conscious ]] [[system]], whereas in the [[unconscious|unconscious system ]] only [[thing-presentations ]] are found (Freud, 19l5e). This seemed to some <ref>{{F}} "[[Works of Lacan's contemporaries to offer an objection to Lacan's theories about the linguistic nature of the unconscious. Lacan counters such objections by pointing out that there are two words in German for 'thing': das Ding and die Sache (see S7, 62-3, 44-5). It is the latter term which Sigmund Freud usually employs to refer to the thing-presentations in the unconscious, and Lacan argues that although on one level Sachvorstellungen and Wortvorstellungen are opposed, on the symbolic level 'they go together'.Thus die Sacheis the representation of a thing in the sym˛olic order, as opposed to das Ding, which is the thing in its 'dumb reality' ($7, 55æthe thing in the real, which is 'the beyond-of-the-signified' (S7, 54) |The thing-presentations found in the unconscious are thus still linguistic phÈnomenaUnconscious]]", as opposed to das Ding which is entirely outside language, and outside the unconscious. 'The Thin is characterised by the fact that it is impossible for us to imagine it' (87, 12 19l5e.Lacan's concept of the Thing as an unknowable x[[SE]] XIV, beyond symbolisation, has clear affinities with the Kantian 'thing-in-itself'.161</ref>
2. The context This seemed to some of JOUISSANCE. As well as [[Lacan]]'s contemporaries to offer an objection to [[Lacan]]'s theories [[about]] the object [[linguistic|linguistic nature]] of language, the [[unconscious]]. [[Lacan]] counters such objections by pointing out that there are two [[words]] in [[German]] for "[[thing]]": ''[[Thing|das Ding is the object of desire]]'' and ''[[Thing|die Sache]]''.<ref>{{S7}} p. 62-3, 44-5</ref> It is the lost object latter term which must be continually refound, it is [[Freud]] usually employs to refer to the prehistoric, unforgettable Other (S7, 53) [[thing- presentations]] in other words, the forbidden object of incestuous desire[[unconscious]], the mother (S7, 67). The pleasure principle the law which maintains the subject at a certain distance from the Thing (S7, 58, 63), making the subject circle round it without ever attaining it (S7, 95). The Thing is thus presented to the subject as his Sovereign Good, but if the subject transgresses the pleasure principle and attains this Good, it is experienced as sufferinglevil ([[Lacan plays ]] argues that although on the French term mal, which can mean both suffering one level ''[[Thing|Sachvorstellungen]]'' and evil, see S7, 179), because the subject 'cannot stand the extreme good that das Ding may bring to him' (S7[[Thing|Wortvorstellungen]]'' are opposed, 73). It is fortunate, then, that in the Thing is usually inaccessible (S7, 159)[[symbolic|symbolic level]] "they go together".
After Thus ''[[Thing|die Sache]]’’ is the seminar [[representation]] of 1959-60a [[thing]] in the [[symbolic]] [[order]], the term as opposed to ''[[thing|das Ding disappears almost entirely from Lacan's work. However]]’’, which is the ideas associated with it provide the essential features of the new developments [[thing]] in the concept of the objet petit a as Lacan develops it from 1963 onwardsits "dumb [[reality]]",<ref>{{S7}} p. For example 55</ref> the objet petit a is circled by [[thing]] in the drive (Sll[[real]], 168), and which is seen as "the cause beyond-of desire just-the-[[signified]].asdas Ding is seen as 'the cause of the most fundamental human passion' ("<ref>{{S7, 97)}} p. Also, the fact that the Thing is not the imaginary object but firmly 54</ref> The [[thing-presentation]]s found in the register of the reaL(S2[[unconscious]] are thus still [[linguistics|linguistic phenomena]], l 12), and yet is as opposed to ''[[Thing|das Ding]]''that which in the real suffers from the signifier' (S7is entirely [[outside]] [[language]], 125), anticipates and [[outside]] the transition in Lacan's thought towards locating objet petit a mcreasingly in the register of the real from 1963 on[[unconscious]].
== <blockquote>"The Thing is characterised by the fact that it is [[Kid A In Alphabet Landimpossible]] ==[[Image:Kida_tfor us to imagine it."<ref>{{S7}} p.gif |right|frame]]'''Kid A In Alphabet Land Trounces Another Two-Ton Travesty - The Traumatic Thing!'''125</ref></blockquote>
[[Lacan]]'s [[concept]] of the [[Thing]] as an unknowable x, beyond [[symbolisation]], has clear affinities with the [[Kant]]ian "thing-[[in-itself]]". ==''Jouissance''==The second context is ''[[jouissance]]''. As well as the [[object]] of [[language]], ''[[Thing|das Ding]]'' is the [[object]] of [[desire]]. It is the [[castration|lost]] [[object]] which must be continually refound, it is the prehistoric, unforgettable [[Other]]<ref>{{S7}} p.53</ref> - in other words, the [[forbidden]] [[object]] of [[incest]]uous [[desire]], the [[mother]].<ref>{{S7}} p. 67</ref> The [[pleasure principle]] is the [[law]] which maintains the [[subject]] at a certain distance from the [[Thing]],<ref>{{S7}} p. 58, 63</ref> making the [[subject]] circle round it without ever attaining it.<ref>{{S7}} p. 95</ref> The [[Thing]] is thus presented to the [[subject]] as his Sovereign [[Good]], but if the [[subject]] transgresses the [[pleasure principle]] and attains this Good, it is experienced as [[suffering]]/evil,<ref>[[Lacan]] plays on the [[French]] term ''mal'', which can mean both suffering and [[evil]]; {{S7}} p. 179</ref> because the [[subject]] "cannot stand the extreme good that ''[[Thing|das Ding]]'' may bring to him."<ref>{{S7}} p. 73</ref> Itis fortunate, then, that the [[Thing]] is usually inaccessible.<ref>{{S7}} p. 59</ref> ==''Objet petit a''==After the [[seminar]] of 1959-60, the term ''[[das Ding]]'' [[disappears]] almost entirely from [[Lacan]]'s A Freudian [[Work of Jacques Lacan|work]]. However, the [[ideas]] associated with it provide the essential features of the new developments in the concept of the ''[[objet petit a]]'' as [[Lacan]] develops it from 1963 onwards. For example the ''[[objet petit a]]'' is circled by the [[drive]]<ref>{{S11}} p. 168</ref> and is seen as the [[cause]] of [[desire]] just as ''[[thing|das Ding]]'' is seen as "the cause of the most fundamental [[human]] [[passion]]."<ref>{{S7}} p. 97</ref> Also, the fact that the [[Thing - You Wouldn]] is not the [[imaginary]] [[object]] but firmly in the [[register]] of the [[real]], <ref>{{S2}} p. 112</ref> and yet is "that which in the real suffers from the [[signifier]],"<ref>{{S7}} p. 125</ref> anticipates the transition in [[Lacan]]'s [[thought]] towards locating ''[[objet petit a]]''t Understandincreasingly in the [[register]] of the [[real]] from 1963 on==See Also=={{See}}* ''[[Jouissance]]''* [[Language]]||* ''[[Objet petit a]]''* [[Unconscious]]{{Also}}  ==References==<div style="font-size:11px" class="references-small"><references/></div>[[Category:Psychoanalysis]][[Category:Jacques Lacan]][[Category:Symbolic]][[Category:Imaginary]][[Category:Kid A In Alphabet LandReal]][[Category:Dictionary]][[Category:Concepts]][[Category:Terms]] __NOTOC__ <!-- {{Encore}} p. 100 -->
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