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Oral fixation

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An '''oral fixation''' (also '''oral craving''') is a [[fixation]] in the oral [[stage ]] of [[development ]] and manifested by an [[obsession ]] with stimulating the mouth ([[oral]]), first described by [[Sigmund Freud]].
Infants are [[naturally ]] and adaptively in an [[oral stage]], but if weaned too early or too late, there may be a subsequent failure to resolve the conflicts of this stage and to develop a [[maladaptive ]] oral fixation. In later [[life]], these [[people ]] may constantly "hunger" for activities involving the mouth.
Oral fixations are considered to contribute to over-eating, [[being ]] overly talkative, smoking addictions and [[alcoholism ]] (known as "oral dependent" qualities). [[Other ]] [[symptoms ]] include a sarcastic or "biting" [[personality ]] (known as "oral [[sadistic]]" qualities).
Critics of [[Freud]]'s theories [[doubt ]] that such a [[thing ]] as "oral fixation" can explain [[adult ]] behaviors, and that subscribing to this simplistic explanation can prevent the exploration of other possible causes that may occur. Even psychoanalytically oriented practitioners have broadened their understandings of fixations beyond simple stage [[theory]].
===See also===
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