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==Ferdinand de Saussure==According to [[Saussure]], the [[signified ]] is the [[conceptual ]] element of the [[sign]]. It is not the [[real ]] [[object ]] denoted by a [[sign (]] -- the ppreferent[[), referent]] -- but a [[psychological ]] entity corresponding to such an [[object]].<ref>([[Saussure|Saussure, Ferdinand de]]. ''[[Saussure|Course in General Linguistics]]'', ed. Charles Bally and Albert Sechehaye, trans. Wade Baskin, Glasgow: Collins Fontana. 1916: . p.66-7)</ref>
==Jacques Lacan=====Primacy of the Signifier===For [[Saussure]], the [[signified ]] has the same status as the [[signifier]]; both [[form ]] equal sides of the [[sign]]. [[Lacan]], on the [[other]] hand, asserts the primacy of the [[signifier]], and argues that the [[signified]] is a mere effect of the play of [[signifier]]s, an effect of the [[process]] of [[signification]] produced by [[metaphor]]. In other [[words]], the [[signified]] is not given, but produced.
===Materialism of Language===[[Lacan]]'s view is thus opposed to an expressionist view of [[language]], on according to which [[concepts]] [[exist]] in some pre-[[verbal]] [[state]] before [[being]] expressed in the other hand[[material]] medium of [[language]]. In contrast to such a view, [[Lacan]] asserts the supremacy of the signifier, and argues that the signified is a mere effect of the play of signifiers, an effect priority ([[logical]] rather than [[chronological]]) of the process [[material]] element of signification produced by metaphor[[language]].
In other words, the signified is not given, but produced.==See Also==Lacan's view is thus opposed to an expressionist view of language, according to which concepts exist in some pre-verbal state before being expressed in the material medium of language. {{See}}In contrast to such a view, Lacan asserts the priority (logical rather than chronological) of the material element of language.* [[Language]]* [[Materialism]]||* [[Metaphor]]* [[Sign]]||* [[Signification]]* [[Signifier]]{{Also}}
== References ==
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[[Category:Jacques Lacan]]
[[Category:Jacques LacanConcepts]]
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