She was the wife of Georges Bataille, and then of Jacques Lacan. Her daughter from her first marriage with Georges Bataille was the psychoanalyst Laurence Bataille (1930-1966). She had a second daughter, Judith (born in 1941) from her second marriage to psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan.
- In 1938, Lacan starts a relationship with Sylvia Maklès-Bataille, who has separated from Georges Bataille in 1934.
- On July 3, 1941, Judith Lacan, the daughter of Lacan and Sylvia Maklès-Bataille, is born. Judith receives the surname Bataille because Lacan is still married to Marie-Louise.
- On August 9, 1946, Sylvia Maklès and Georges Bataille are officially divorced.
- In 1953, Sylvia marries Jacques Lacan.
Entering films in 1934, actress Sylvia Bataille quickly became a favorite leading lady of several top European directors. Her most celebrated appearance was as the melancholy heroine in Jean Renoir's fragmentary but brilliant Une Partie du Campagne (1936). She also registered well in Renoir's Crime de Monsieur Lange, filmed the same year. Sylvia Bataille's last screen showing was as Madame LeCuyer in Marcel Carne's Portes de la Nuit (1946).