From No Subject - Encyclopedia of Psychoanalysis
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analysand/psychoanalysand (analysant/psychanalysant)

Before 1967, Lacan refers to the one who is 'in' psychoanalytic treatment

  as the 'patient' (Fr. patient)           or the 'subject',         or   uses    the technical
  term (psych)analysÈ.      However,    in    1967   Lacan    introduces    the   term

(psych)analysant, based on the English term '(psycho)analysand' (Lacan,

  1967: 18). Lacan prefers this term because, being derived from the gerund,
  it indicates that the one who lies on the couch is the one who does most of the
  work. This contrasts with the old term (psych)analysÈ which, being derived

from the passive participle, suggests either a less active participation in the

analytic process, or that the analytic process has finished. In Lacan's view, the

analysand is not 'analysed' by the analyst; it is the analysand who analyses,

  and the task of the analyst is to help him to analyse well.