Difference between revisions of "Communication"

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communication (communication)                       
  
communication (communication)                        Most theories of communication
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Most theories of communication offered by modern linguistics      are characterised by two important features.
 
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Firstly, they usually involve      a reference to the category of intentionality, which is conceived of as coterminous with consciousness (e.g. Blakemore, 1992: 33). Secondly, they represent communication as a simple process in which  a message is      sent by  one person (the addresser) to another (the addressee) (e.g. Jakobson, 1960: 21).
    offered by modern linguistics      are characterised by two important features.
+
However, both these features are put into question by the specific experience of communication in psychoanalytic treatment. Firstly, SPEECH is revealed to possess an intentionality that goes beyond conscious purpose. Secondly, the speaker's message is seen to be not merely directed at another but also at himself; 'in human speech the sender is always a receiver at the same time' (S3, 24). Putting these two points together, it can be said that the part of the speaker's message which is addressed to himself is the unconscious intention behind the message. When speaking to the analyst, the analysand is also addressing a message to himself, but is not aware of this. The task of the analyst is to enable the analysand to hear the message he is unconsciously addressing to himself; by interpreting the analysand's words, the analyst permits the analysand's message to return to him in its true, unconscious dimension. Hence Lacan defines analytic communication as the act whereby 'the sender receives his own message from the receiver in an inverted form' (Ec, 41).
 
 
    Firstly, they usually involve      a reference to the category of intentionality,
 
 
 
    which is conceived of as coterminous with consciousness (e.g. Blakemore,
 
 
 
    1992: 33). Secondly, they represent communication as a simple process in
 
 
 
    which  a message is      sent by  one person (the addresser) to another (the
 
 
 
    addressee) (e.g. Jakobson, 1960: 21).
 
 
 
        However, both these features are put into question by the specific experience
 
 
 
    of communication in psychoanalytic treatment. Firstly, SPEECH is revealed to
 
 
 
    possess an intentionality that goes beyond conscious purpose. Secondly, the
 
 
 
    speaker's message is seen to be not merely directed at another but also at
 
 
 
    himself; 'in human speech the sender is always a receiver at the same time'
 
 
 
    (S3, 24). Putting these two points together, it can be said that the part of the
 
 
 
    speaker's message which is addressed to himself is the unconscious intention
 
 
 
    behind the message. When speaking to the analyst, the analysand is also
 
 
 
addressing a message to himself, but is not aware of this. The task of the
 
 
 
analyst is to enable the analysand to hear the message he is unconsciously
 
 
 
addressing to himself; by interpreting the analysand's words, the analyst
 
 
 
permits the analysand's message to return to him in its true, unconscious
 
 
 
dimension. Hence Lacan defines analytic communication as the act whereby
 
 
 
    'the sender receives his own message from the receiver in an inverted form'
 
 
 
(Ec, 41).
 

Revision as of 04:40, 26 April 2006

communication (communication)

Most theories of communication offered by modern linguistics are characterised by two important features. Firstly, they usually involve a reference to the category of intentionality, which is conceived of as coterminous with consciousness (e.g. Blakemore, 1992: 33). Secondly, they represent communication as a simple process in which a message is sent by one person (the addresser) to another (the addressee) (e.g. Jakobson, 1960: 21). However, both these features are put into question by the specific experience of communication in psychoanalytic treatment. Firstly, SPEECH is revealed to possess an intentionality that goes beyond conscious purpose. Secondly, the speaker's message is seen to be not merely directed at another but also at himself; 'in human speech the sender is always a receiver at the same time' (S3, 24). Putting these two points together, it can be said that the part of the speaker's message which is addressed to himself is the unconscious intention behind the message. When speaking to the analyst, the analysand is also addressing a message to himself, but is not aware of this. The task of the analyst is to enable the analysand to hear the message he is unconsciously addressing to himself; by interpreting the analysand's words, the analyst permits the analysand's message to return to him in its true, unconscious dimension. Hence Lacan defines analytic communication as the act whereby 'the sender receives his own message from the receiver in an inverted form' (Ec, 41).