CN102253290A  Method for predicting electrical properties of deformed logperiodic antennae based on electromechanical coupling model  Google Patents
Method for predicting electrical properties of deformed logperiodic antennae based on electromechanical coupling model Download PDFInfo
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 CN102253290A CN102253290A CN2011100766708A CN201110076670A CN102253290A CN 102253290 A CN102253290 A CN 102253290A CN 2011100766708 A CN2011100766708 A CN 2011100766708A CN 201110076670 A CN201110076670 A CN 201110076670A CN 102253290 A CN102253290 A CN 102253290A
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Abstract
The invention discloses a method for predicting electrical properties of deformed logperiodic antennae based on an electromechanical coupling model, aiming to mainly solve the problem of electromechanical separation in the logperiodic antennae. The method comprises the following steps: building a finite element model based on the structural design parameters of the logperiodic antennae, loading dead load, random wind and other environmental loads and carrying out finite element analysis to obtain the structure displacement field of the logperiodic antennae; utilizing the analysis results to obtain current distribution of oscillator units in the logperiodic antennae and phase difference caused by the positions and deflection of the oscillator units and computing the far field patterns of the logperiodic antennae according to the superposition theorem; and obtaining the electrical property parameters of the logperiodic antennae to realize electromechanical coupling analysis of the logperiodic antennae. The method can help the logperiodic antenna structural design personnel improve the antenna design and manufacturing quality.
Description
Technical field
The invention belongs to antenna technical field, specifically is the fanshaped logperiodic antenna array of a kind of horizontal polarization electrical behavior prediction method, is used to instruct structural design and the electrical property simulation analysis and the evaluation of logperiodic antenna.
Background technology
Log Periodic Dipole Antenna (LOGPERIODIC DIPOLE ARRAYS) is called for short LPDA, it is a kind of utmost point all channel antenna of simple in structure, function admirable, it is mainly used in the aspect such as communication, direction finding, search, electronic countermeasure of wave bands such as shortwave, ultrashort wave (USW), microwave, and is of many uses.Simple example: in skip band, it can be used as communication antenna or the directionfinder antenna that utilizes sky wave propagation; At ultrashort wave band, it can be used as desirable receiving antenna or broadband connections, the ECM antenna etc. of TV community antenna system; In microwave region, the feed of its Chang Zuowei paraboloid, corner reflector antenna or lens antenna and the communication antenna of radiating element in the phased array antenna or ultrawideband communications.Because its broadband character is often used as electromagnetic interference (EMI), electromagnetic compatibility, contracts apart from checkout area and other test experiments antenna.In the application of reality, in order to strengthen the directivity of antenna, and obtain higher emissive power, mostly be to adopt the method for logperiodic antenna being organized battle array.At first, array antenna spatially can be realized the electric scanning ability on the direction, and uses multibeam technique, thereby realizes real multiple goal interference performance; Next uses array antenna, and implementation space power is synthetic under optimal excitation, thus the restriction that solves single power amplifier output power.
For vehiclemounted logperiodic antenna, except that being subjected to installation accuracy influence, also be subjected to gravity load, the vibration in the vehicle environment of self, the effect of RANDOM WIND lotus.The distortion that these factors cause can make assembly line length and oscillator cell position and self shape change, thereby make the distribution of current of each oscillator unit change, influence the antenna farfield pattern, reduce the gain of antenna, destroy the nonfrequency dependent characteristic of logperiodic antenna.Therefore, be necessary to propose the antenna structure designing requirement according to the situation of change of electrical property.That is to say, exist closely between LPDA structural design and the Electromagnetic Design influence each other, the relation of mutual restriction, belong to many coupled problems, be referred to as the mechanicalelectric coupling problem.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is at the coupled relation of often ignoring in the existing Log Periodic Dipole Antenna analytical technology between mechanical shift field and the electromagnetic field, and consider separately the influence of an one aspect to cause the LPDA structure to be separated with electromechanics in the thermal design.For this reason, the present invention proposes a kind of distortion logperiodic antenna electrical behavior prediction method, to realize the electrical property prediction of dynamoelectric two couplings of logperiodic antenna, in order to instruct its structural design based on electromechanical Coupling Model.
The technical scheme that realizes the object of the invention is, a kind of distortion logperiodic antenna electrical behavior prediction method based on electromechanical Coupling Model is provided, obtain the displacement structure that logperiodic antenna causes based on finite element analysis under environmental load effects such as deadweight and RANDOM WIND, thereby determine the position and the selfdeformation of each oscillator unit, utilize network theory to obtain the amplitude and the phase place of each oscillator element excitation electric current, again superposition theorem is used in the radiation far field of each unit, finally obtained based on the antenna electric performance after the mechanicalelectric coupling analysis.
This method comprises the steps:
(1) according to the structural parameters of logperiodic antenna, determine its structural finite element model, obtain the theoretical coordinate of each each node of oscillator unit
(2) utilize the finite element model of logperiodic antenna, determine its constraint condition and boundary condition,, determine whole equivalent loads of this antenna, obtain comprising the position offset of each each node of oscillator unit according to gravity, two kinds of environmental loads of wind lotus
In interior displacement structure field;
(3) by the theoretical coordinate of each node of oscillator unit
Add the position offset of each node of oscillator unit
Position coordinates after obtaining being out of shape
(4) according to the position of oscillator unit center node, calculate the length of each section assembly line, calculate the distribution of current of each oscillator unit center feeding point according to network theory;
(5), determine the spatial phase errors that the radiating element change in location causes at far field target place according to the position and the corner of oscillator unit
(6) utilize the element pattern of oscillator unit and the PHASE DISTRIBUTION of its distribution of current and radiation field, add the spread pattern of radiating element, calculate logperiodic antenna farfield pattern, beam position and these unit for electrical property parameters of 3dB beam angle;
(7), judge whether the antenna electric performance parameter that calculates meets the demands, if meet the demands then the antenna structure design is qualified according to the electrical performance indexes requirement of logperiodic antenna; Otherwise, revise parameter of structure design, and repeating step (1) is to step (6), until meeting the demands.
Further aspect of the present invention is:
The phase differential that described step (5) is determined radiating element, carry out according to the following procedure:
(5a) target setting is with respect to coordinate system
The direction at place
Be expressed as with direction cosine
And, obtain target and be with respect to the angle of coordinate axis and the pass of direction cosine according to the space geometry of target and coordinate system relation:
In the formula, each parameter is respectively target with respect to coordinate system
The direction at place
Direction sine and direction cosine;
(5b) according to the position coordinates after the distortion of the oscillator unit center node that draws in the step (3)
Draw the distance of this point apart from initial point
(5c) according to the position of two nodes up and down, oscillator unit
With
Determine the deflection angle of oscillator, to unit, Xaxis top:
To unit, Xaxis below:
(5d) draw by geometric relationship, the line of oscillator unit center node and initial point should with the orientation angle of Xaxis
With oscillator self corner
Equate;
(5e) calculate the radiating element change in location at far field target place space quadrature by above each substep
Promptly for the fanshaped logperiodic antenna array of horizontal polarization, its each radiating element is for
The phase differential of unit is:
Described step (6), carry out according to the following procedure:
(6a) determine the element pattern function of radiating element
If the oscillator element length is 2l
_{i}, then its element pattern function is:
(6b) each array element of fanshaped array is in short end constant amplitude isotropic excitation, and driving source is a current source;
(6c) according to the superposition principle of electromagnetic field, will have the radiated electric field of logperiodic antenna to be expressed as:
In the formula, E
_{i}The radiated electric field pattern function of representing i unit, N are represented the number of all unit;
(6d) under the condition of not considering the mutual coupling between antenna element, draw the antenna array pattern function and be:
And from directional diagram, determine two unit for electrical property parameters of beam position, 3dB width of logperiodic antenna;
(6f) according to logperiodic antenna far field Electric Field Distribution, the calculating antenna gain is:
The present invention compared with prior art has following advantage:
1. utilize the LPDA structural finite element model to carry out finite element analysis, the influence of load to the LPDA structure can be accurately analyzed in definite malformation that is caused by external environment condition load such as deadweight and RANDOM WIND;
2. because skew of oscillator cell position and deflection are incorporated in the phase error of antenna, make LPDA displacement structure field and electromagnetic field be closely connected, can realize structure and two coupling analysis of electromagnetism of logperiodic antenna;
3. by the unit for electrical property parameters of coupling analysis and working index are required contrast, can judge the rationality of LPDA organization plan and, avoided carrying out by rule of thumb LPDA and designed the influence of electrical property, can shorten the LPDA lead time, reduce its development cost.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is logperiodic antenna mechanicalelectric coupling analysis process figure of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is an oscillator cell current distribution calculation flow chart of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is a radiating element phase difference calculating process flow diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is a logperiodic antenna unit for electrical property parameters calculation flow chart of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the synoptic diagram of the space geometry relation of target and coordinate system;
Fig. 6 is the fanshaped logperiodic antenna array structure of the used horizontal polarization of an emulation of the present invention synoptic diagram;
Fig. 7 is the 4 yuan of used fanshaped logperiodic antenna array antenna of horizontal polarization finite element model figure of emulation of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is that the logperiodic antenna array angle of pitch of simulation result of the present invention is the directional diagram of 90 degree;
Fig. 9 is that the logperiodic antenna array orientation angle of simulation result of the present invention is the directional diagram of 0 degree.
Embodiment
Followingly the present invention is described in further detail with reference to accompanying drawing.
With reference to Fig. 1, concrete steps of the present invention are as follows:
Step 1 is set up the LPDA structural model
By radiating element type, size, these structural parameters of spread pattern of LPDA, determine the LPDA structural finite element model, as shown in Figure 7.Obtain the theoretical coordinate of each radiating element on the front by this finite element model
Step 2 is determined the position offset of each radiating element of LPDA
At first, determine constraint condition and the boundary condition of LPDA, comprise the feed groove structural constraint of LPDA, load applies position and direction;
Secondly, carry out different processing,,, set up suitable boundary condition, form the integral rigidity battle array of structure according to structure and extraneous constraint character for example for wind lotus and deadweight at the type of load;
At last, utilize Ansys software to carry out the displacement structure field and find the solution, obtain comprising the position offset of front radiating element
In interior LPDA displacement structure field.
Step 3 is the theoretical coordinate of radiating element
Position offset with radiating element
Deformation coordinate after addition obtains being offset
Step 4, the input current that calculates each oscillator unit feeding point distributes
As shown in Figure 2, according to Circuit theory, logarithm period idol note antenna is regarded as twopart parallel connection:
According to Circuit theory, Log Periodic Dipole Antenna can be regarded twopart parallel connection as: antenna array part and feed part, respectively these two parts are regarded as N port passive network, the admittance matrix of trying to achieve the mutual resistance matrix of aerial network and assembly line according to this theory calculates the input current of each oscillator then.
Step 5, the phase differential of calculating radiating element
With reference to Fig. 3, it is as follows that the phase differential of LPDA radiating element is analyzed process:
(5a) target setting is with respect to coordinate system
The direction at place
Be expressed as with direction cosine
And, obtain target and be with respect to the angle of coordinate axis and the pass of direction cosine according to the space geometry of target and coordinate system relation:
In the formula, each meaning of parameters is respectively target as shown in Figure 5 with respect to coordinate system
The direction at place
Direction sine and direction cosine.
(5b) according to the deformation coordinate of the oscillator unit center node that draws in the step 3
Draw the distance of this point apart from initial point
(5c) according to the position of two nodes up and down, oscillator unit
With
Determine the deflection angle of oscillator, to unit, Xaxis top:
To unit, Xaxis below:
(5d) draw by geometric relationship, the line of oscillator unit center node and initial point should with the orientation angle of Xaxis
With oscillator self corner
Equate.
(5e) calculate the radiating element change in location at far field target place space quadrature by above each substep
Promptly for the fanshaped logperiodic antenna array of horizontal polarization, its each radiating element is for
The phase differential of unit is:
Step 6 is calculated the LPDA unit for electrical property parameters
With reference to Fig. 4, the computation process of LPDA unit for electrical property parameters is as follows:
(6a) determine the element pattern function of radiating element
If the oscillator element length is 2l
_{i}, then its element pattern function is:
(6b) each array element of fanshaped array is in short end constant amplitude isotropic excitation, and driving source is a current source.
(6c) according to the superposition principle of electromagnetic field, will have the radiated electric field of logperiodic antenna to be expressed as:
In the formula, E
_{i}The radiated electric field pattern function of representing i unit, N are represented the number of all unit.
(6d) under the condition of not considering the mutual coupling between antenna element, draw the antenna array pattern function and be:
And from directional diagram, determine two unit for electrical property parameters of beam position, 3dB width of logperiodic antenna.
(6f) according to logperiodic antenna far field Electric Field Distribution, the calculating antenna gain is:
Step 7 according to the electrical performance indexes requirement of LPDA, judges whether the antenna electric performance parameter calculate meets the demands, if meet the demands then the antenna structure design is qualified; Otherwise, revise parameter of structure design, and repeat step 1 to step 6, until meeting the demands.
Advantage of the present invention can further specify by following emulation experiment:
1. simulated conditions
It is " logperiodic antenna mechanicalelectric coupling analysis software " that distortion logperiodic antenna electrical behavior prediction method based on electromechanical Coupling Model of the present invention is compiled, and carries out structure and electromagnetic coupled analysis experiment on the fanshaped LPDA array of a horizontal polarization.
The fanshaped LPDA array structure of this horizontal polarization synoptic diagram as shown in Figure 6, its frequency of operation is 300MHz.Antenna has 4 LPDA array elements to be formed, and each LPDA array element is made up of 18 oscillator unit again.To this logperiodic antenna condition that imposes restriction: apply the Three Degree Of Freedom constraint at the handle of 4 LPDA unit and the contact node place of feed groove.The material of antenna oscillator unit and trunk and feed groove is steel.
2. simulation result
The LPDA structural finite element model that utilizes above condition emulation to be set up, as shown in Figure 7.LPDA is applied deadweight and wind lotus, obtain the displacement of oscillator element deformation, and apply it in the middle of the computing formula of farfield pattern, obtain antenna and exist
With
The LPDA directional diagram on plane such as Fig. 8, shown in Figure 9, its gain is as shown in table 1 with the gain loss situation.
Gain and the gain loss of LPDA under table 1, ideal and the distortion situation
By the experimental result of this software, prove and adopt method of the present invention to can be used for carrying out structural design and the electrical property coupling analysis and the evaluation of logperiodic antenna.
Claims (3)
1. distortion logperiodic antenna electrical behavior prediction method based on electromechanical Coupling Model is characterized in that comprising following process:
(1) according to the structural parameters of logperiodic antenna, determine its structural finite element model, obtain the theoretical coordinate (x, y, 0) of each each node of oscillator unit;
(2) utilize the finite element model of logperiodic antenna, determine its constraint condition and boundary condition, according to gravity, two kinds of environmental loads of wind lotus, determine whole equivalent loads of this antenna, the position offset (Δ x, Δ y, Δ z) that obtains comprising each each node of oscillator unit is in interior displacement structure field;
(3) add the position offset (Δ x, Δ y, Δ z) of each node of oscillator unit by the theoretical coordinate (x, y, 0) of each node of oscillator unit, the position coordinates after obtaining being out of shape (x ', y ', z ');
(4) according to the position of oscillator unit center node, calculate the length of each section assembly line, calculate the distribution of current of each oscillator unit center feeding point according to network theory;
(5), determine the spatial phase errors that the radiating element change in location causes at far field target place according to the position and the corner of oscillator unit
(6) utilize the element pattern of oscillator unit and the PHASE DISTRIBUTION of its distribution of current and radiation field, add the spread pattern of radiating element, calculate logperiodic antenna farfield pattern, beam position and 3dB beam angle unit for electrical property parameters;
(7), judge whether the antenna electric performance parameter that calculates meets the demands, if meet the demands then the antenna structure design is qualified according to the electrical performance indexes requirement of logperiodic antenna; Otherwise, revise parameter of structure design, and repeating step (1) is to step (6), until meeting the demands.
2. method for predicting antenna electric performance according to claim 1 is characterized in that described step (5) determines the phase differential of radiating element, carries out according to the following procedure:
(5a) (θ φ) is expressed as (cos α with direction cosine to target setting with respect to the direction at coordinate system Oxyz place
_{x}, cos α
_{y}, cos α
_{z}), and according to the space geometry of target and coordinate system relation, obtain target and be with respect to the angle of coordinate axis and the pass of direction cosine:
cosα
_{x}＝sinθcosφ，cosα
_{y}＝sinθsinφ，cosα
_{z}＝cosθ；
In the formula, each meaning of parameters is respectively direction (θ, φ) direction sine and the direction cosine of target with respect to coordinate system Oxyz place;
(5b), draw the distance of this point apart from initial point according to the position coordinates after the distortion of the oscillator unit center node that draws in the step (3) (x ', y ', z ')
(5c) according to the oscillator unit up and down the position of two nodes (x '
_{I1}, y '
_{I1}, z '
_{I1}) and (x '
_{I2}, y '
_{I2}, z '
_{I2}) determine the deflection angle of oscillator, to unit, Xaxis top:
To unit, Xaxis below:
(5d) draw by geometric relationship, the line of oscillator unit center node and initial point should with the orientation angle of Xaxis
With oscillator self corner
Equate;
(5e) calculate the radiating element change in location at far field target place space quadrature by above each substep
Promptly for the fanshaped logperiodic antenna array of horizontal polarization, its each radiating element for the phase differential of (0,0) unit is:
3. method for predicting antenna electric performance according to claim 1 is characterized in that described step (6), carries out according to the following procedure:
(6a) determine the element pattern function E of radiating element
_{i}(θ, φ), establishing the oscillator element length is 2l
_{i}, then its element pattern function is:
(6b) each array element of fanshaped array is in short end constant amplitude isotropic excitation, and driving source is a current source;
(6c) according to the superposition principle of electromagnetic field, will have the radiated electric field of logperiodic antenna to be expressed as:
E＝E
_{1}+E
_{2}+·+E
_{N}
In the formula, E
_{i}The radiated electric field pattern function of representing i unit, N are represented the number of all unit;
(6d) under the condition of not considering the mutual coupling between antenna element, draw the antenna array pattern function and be:
And from directional diagram, determine two unit for electrical property parameters of beam position, 3dB width of logperiodic antenna;
(6f) according to logperiodic antenna far field Electric Field Distribution, the calculating antenna gain is:
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CN102968532B (en) *  20121116  20150923  西安电子科技大学  The dynamoelectric integral design method of the largescale reflector antenna structure of 65m bore 
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CN107103124A (en) *  20170410  20170829  西安电子科技大学  A kind of anamorphic array Antenna Far Field Directional Pattern Analysis method theoretical based on mechanicalelectric coupling 
CN110133387A (en) *  20181202  20190816  湖南大学  A kind of phased array antenna Electrical Analysis method estimated based on random field 
CN110133387B (en) *  20181202  20200703  湖南大学  Phased array antenna electrical property analysis method based on random field measurement 
CN110320412A (en) *  20190628  20191011  中国电子科技集团公司第三十八研究所  The reflection coefficient test device and test method of differential feed logperiodic antenna 
CN110320412B (en) *  20190628  20210518  中国电子科技集团公司第三十八研究所  Reflection coefficient testing device and method for differential feed log periodic antenna 
CN111430873A (en) *  20200326  20200717  泰兴英武舟科技有限公司  Rigid structure short wave doublelayer log periodic antenna sector array 
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