From No Subject - Encyclopedia of Psychoanalysis
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     counterpart (ge√labie)                   The term 'counterpart' plays      an important

-part in Lacan's work from the 1930s on, and designates other people in whom

-the subject perceives a likeness to himself (principally a visual likeness). The

-counterpart plays an important part in the intrusion complex and in the MIRROR

     STAGE (Which are themselves closely interrelated).
        The intrusion complex is one of the three 'family complexes' which Lacan
     discusses in his 1938 article on the family, and arises when the child first
    realises that he has siblings, that other subjects like him participate in the
     family structure. The emphasis here is on likeness; the child identifies with his
     siblings on the basis of the recognition of bodily similarity (which depends, of
     course, on their being a relatively small age difference between the subject and
     his siblings). It is this identification that gives rise to the 'imago of the
     counterpart' (Lacan, 1938: 35-9).
        The imago of the counterpart is interchangeable with the image of the
    subject's own body, the SPECULAR IMAGE with which the subject identifies in
    the mirror stage, leading to the formation of the ego. This interchangeability is
    evident in such phenomena aS TRANSITIVISM, and illustrates the way that the
    subject constitutes his objects on the basis of his ego. The image of another

person's body can only be identified with insofar as it is perceived as similar to

  one's   own body, and conversely the counterpart is only recognised             as   a

separate, identifiable ego by projecting one's own ego onto him.

      In 1955 Lacan introduces a distinction between 'the big Other' and 'the little
  other' (or 'the imaginary other'), reserving the latter term for the counterpart
  and/or specular image. The counterpart is the little other because it is not truly
  other at all; it is not the radical alterity represented by the Other, but the other
  insofar as he is similar to the ego (hence the interchangeability of a and a' in
  schema L).