Existence in the Symbolic
No Prediscursive Reality
This sense of existence is to be understood in the context of Freud's discussion of the "judgement of existence," by which the existence of an entity is affirmed prior to attributing any quality to it.
"Woman Does Not Exist"
Absence and Presence in the Symbolic
Differential Relations in the Symbolic
In other words, everything that exists in the symbolic order only exists by virtue of its difference to everything else.
Existence in the Real
"There is in effect something radically unassimilable to the signifier. It's quite simply the subject's singular existence."
Subject of the Unconscious
Relation to the First Definition
Existence and Being
Lacan coins the neologism ex-sistence to express the idea that the heart of our being (Kern unseres Wesen) is also radically Other, strange, outside; the subject is decentered, his center is outside of himself, he is ex-centric.
- Lacan, Jacques. Le Séminaire. Livre XX. Encore, 1972-73. Ed. Jacques-Alain Miller. Paris: Seuil, 1975. p.33
- Lacan, Jacques. 1973a: 60
- Lacan, Jacques. Écrits. Paris: Seuil, 1966. p.392
- Saussure, Ferdinand de. (1916) Course in General Linguistics, ed. Charles Bally and Albert Sechehaye, trans. Wade Baskin, Glasgow: Collins Fontana.
- Lacan, Jacques. The Seminar. Book III. The Psychoses, 1955-56. Trans. Russell Grigg. London: Routledge, 1993. p.179
- Lacan, Jacques. Écrits: A Selection. Trans. Alan Sheridan. London: Tavistock Publications, 1977. p.194
- Lacan, Jacques. Écrits. Paris: Seuil, 1966. p.11
- Lacan, Jacques. Écrits: A Selection. Trans. Alan Sheridan. London: Tavistock Publications, 1977. p.264