Difference between revisions of "Jacques Lacan:Chronology"

From No Subject - Encyclopedia of Psychoanalysis
Jump to: navigation, search
 
Line 1: Line 1:
 
 
Below is a brief chronology which lists some of the major events in Lacan's
 
Below is a brief chronology which lists some of the major events in Lacan's
 
life. This chronology has been compiled          on the basis of the information
 
life. This chronology has been compiled          on the basis of the information
Line 45: Line 44:
 
Caroline, the same month.
 
Caroline, the same month.
  
;1935 Marc-François Lacan is ordained priest.
+
;1935  
 
+
* Marc-François Lacan is ordained priest.
;1936   Lacan presents his paper     on the mirror stage to the fourteenth
+
;1936
              congress of the IPA at Marienbad on 3 August. He sets up private
+
* Lacan presents his paper on the mirror stage to the fourteenth congress of the IPA at Marienbad on 3 August. He sets up private practice as a psychoanalyst.
              practice as a psychoanalyst.
+
;1938
;1938   Lacan becomes a full member of the SPP, and his article on the
+
* Lacan becomes a full member of the SPP, and his article on the family is published in the Encyclopédie Française. After Hitler's annexation of Austria, Freud leaves Vienna to settle in London; on his way to London he passes through Paris, but Lacan
              family is published in the Encyclopédie Française.
+
decides not to attend the small gathering organised in Freud's honour.
After Hitler's
+
;1939   
              annexation of Austria, Freud leaves Vienna to settle
+
* Thibaut, the second child of Lacan and Marie-Louise, is born in August. On 23 September Freud dies in London at the age of eighty-three. After Hitler's invasion of France the
in London; on
+
SPP ceases to function. During the war Lacan works at a military
              his way to London he passes through Paris, but Lacan
 
decides not to
 
              attend the small gathering organised in Freud's honour.
 
;1939  Thibaut, the second child of Lacan and Marie-Louise, is born in
 
              August. On 23 September Freud dies in London at the age of
 
              eighty-three. After Hitler's invasion of France the
 
SPP ceases to
 
              function. During the war Lacan works at a military
 
 
hospital in Paris.
 
hospital in Paris.
 
+
;1940  
;1940 Sibylle, third child of Lacan and Marie-Louise, is born in August.
+
* Sibylle, third child of Lacan and Marie-Louise, is born in August.
 
+
;1941     
;1941    Sylvia Bataille, estranged wife of Georges Bataille, gives birth to
+
* Sylvia Bataille, estranged wife of Georges Bataille, gives birth to Judith. Though Judith is Lacan's daughter, she receives the surname Bataille because Lacan is still married to Marie-Louise. Marie-Louise now requests a divorce.
              Judith. Though Judith is Lacan's daughter, she
+
;1945     
receives the surname
+
* After the liberation of France, the SPP recommences meetings. Lacan travels to England where he spends five weeks studying the situation of psychiatry during the war years. His
              Bataille because Lacan is still married to Marie-Louise. Marie-
+
separation from Marie-Louise is formally announced.
              Louise now requests a divorce.
+
;1947     
 
+
* Lacan publishes a report of his visit to England.
;1945    After the liberation of France, the SPP
+
;1949     
recommences meetings.
+
* Lacan presents another paper on the mirror stage to the sixteenth IPA congress in Zurich.
              Lacan travels to England where he spends five weeks studying the
+
;1951
              situation of psychiatry during the war years. His
+
* Lacan begins giving weekly seminars in Sylvia Bataille's apartment at 3 rue de Lille. At this time, Lacan is vice-president of the SPP. In response to Lacan's practice of using sessions of variable duration, the SPP's commission on instruction demands that he
separation from
+
regularise his practice. Lacan promises to do so, but continues to vary the time of the sessions.
              Marie-Louise is formally announced.
+
;1953   
;1947    Lacan publishes a report o    his visit to England.
+
* Lacan marries Sylvia Bataille and becomes president of the SPP. In June Daniel Lagache, Juliette Favez-Boutonier and Françoise Dolto resign from the SPP to found the Société Française de Psychanalyse (SFP). Soon after, Lacan resigns from the SPP and joins the SFP.
;1949    Lacan presents another       r on the mirror stage to the
+
* Lacan opens the inaugural meeting of the SFP on the 8 July, where he delivers a lecture on 'the symbolic, the imaginary and the real'.
sixteenth IPA
+
* He is informed by letter that his membership of the IPA
              congress in Zurich on          uly.
+
has lapsed as a result of his resignation from the SPP. In September
;1951   Lacan begins giving weekly seminars in Sylvia Bataille's apartment
+
Lacan attends the sixteenth Conference of Psychoanalysts of the Romance Languages in Rome; the paper he writes for the occasion ('The function and field of speech and language in psychoanalysis') is too long to be read aloud and is distributed to participants instead.
              at 3 rue de Lille. At this time, Lacan is
+
* In November Lacan begins his first public seminar in the Hôpital Sainte-Anne. These seminars, which will continue for twenty-seven years, soon become the principal platform for Lacan's teaching.
vice-president of the SPP. In
+
;1954
              response to Lacan's practice of using sessions of
+
* The IPA refuses the SFP's request for affiliation. Heinz Hartmann intimates in a letter to Daniel Lagache that Lacan's presence in the SFP is the main reason for this refusal.
variable duration,
+
;1956   
              the SPP's commission on instruction demands that he
+
* The SFP renews its request for IPA affiliation, which is again refused. Lacan again appears to be the main sticking-point.
regularise his
+
;1959   
 
+
* The SFP again renews its request for IPA affiliation. This time the IPA sets up a committee to evaluate the SFP's application.
 
+
;1961   
              practice. Lacan promises to do so, but continues to
+
* The IPA committee arrives in Paris to interview members of the SFP and produces a report. On consideration of this report, the IPA rejects the SFP's application for affiliation as a member society and grants it instead 'study-group' status pending further investigation.
vary the time of
+
;1963   
              the sessions.
+
* The IPA committee conducts more interviews with SFP members and produces another report in which it recommends that the SFP be granted affiliation as a member society on condition
;1953  Lacan marries Sylvia Bataille and becomes president of the SPP. In
+
that Lacan and two other analysts be removed from the list of training
              June Daniel Lagache, Juliette Favez-Boutonier and Françoise Dolto
+
analysts. The report also stipulates that Lacan's training activity
              resign from the SPP to found the Société Française de
+
should be banned for ever, and that trainee analysts should be prevented
Psychanalyse
+
from attending his seminar. Lacan will later refer to this as his
              (SFP). Soon after, Lacan resigns from the SPP and joins the SFP.
+
'excommunication'. Lacan then resigns from the SFP.
              Lacan opens the inaugural meeting of the SFP on the 8 July, where
+
;1964   
              he delivers a lecture on 'the symbolic, the imaginary
+
* In January Lacan moves his public seminar to the École Normale Supérieure, and in June he founds his own organisation, the École Freudienne de Paris (EFP).
and the real'.
 
              He is informed by letter that his membership of the IPA
 
has lapsed as
 
              a result of his resignation from the SPP. In September
 
Lacan attends
 
              the sixteenth Conference of Psychoanalysts of the Romance Lan-
 
              guages in Rome; the paper he writes for the occasion
 
('The function
 
              and field of speech and language in psychoanalysis') is
 
too long to be
 
              read aloud and is distributed to participants instead.
 
In November
 
              Lacan begins his first public seminar in the Hôpital Sainte-Anne.
 
              These seminars, which will continue for twenty-seven years, soon
 
              become the principal platform for Lacan's teaching.
 
;1954   The IPA refuses the SFP's request for affiliation. Heinz Hartmann
 
              intimates in a letter to Daniel Lagache that Lacan's
 
presence in the
 
              SFP is the main reason for this refusal.
 
;1956  The SFP   renews its request for IPA affiliation, which is again
 
              refused. Lacan again appears to be the main sticking-point.
 
;1959  The SFP again renews its request for IPA affiliation. This time the
 
              IPA sets up a committee to evaluate the SFP's application.
 
;1961  The IPA committee arrives in Paris to interview members of the SFP
 
              and produces a report. On consideration of this report,
 
the IPA rejects
 
              the SFP's application for affiliation as a member
 
society and grants it
 
              instead 'study-group' status pending further investigation.
 
;1963  The IPA committee conducts more interviews with SFP members
 
              and produces another report in which it recommends that
 
the SFP be
 
              granted affiliation as a member society on condition
 
that Lacan and
 
              two other analysts be removed from the list of training
 
analysts. The
 
              report also stipulates that Lacan's training activity
 
should be banned
 
              for ever, and that trainee analysts should be prevented
 
from attending
 
              his seminar. Lacan will later refer to this as his
 
'excommunication'.
 
              Lacan then resigns from the SFP.
 
;1964  In January Lacan moves his public seminar to the École Normale
 
              Supérieure, and in June he founds his own organisation, the École
 
              Freudienne de Paris (EFP).
 

Revision as of 20:38, 28 April 2006

Below is a brief chronology which lists some of the major events in Lacan's life. This chronology has been compiled on the basis of the information provided by Bowie (1991: 204-13), Macey (1988: ch. 7) and, above all, Roudinesco (1986, 1993). Those who are interested in more detailed information are advised to consult these three sources, as well as Forrester (1990: ch. 6), Miller (1981), and Turkle (1978). For more anecdotal accounts see Clément (1981) and Schneiderman (1983).

Timeline

1901
  • Jacques-Marie Émile Lacan born on 13 April in Paris, the first child of Alfred Lacan and Émilie Baudry.
1903
  • Birth of Madeleine, Lacan's sister (25 December).
1908
  • Birth of Marc-François, Lacan's brother (25 December).
1910
  • Freud founds the International Psycho-Analytical Association (IPA).
1919
  • Lacan finishes his secondary education at the Collège Stanislas.
1921
  • Lacan is discharged from military service because of thinness. In the following years he studies medicine in Paris.
1926
  • Lacan's first collaborative publication appears in the Revue Neurologique. The Société Psychanalytique de Paris (SPP) is founded.
1927
  • Lacan begins his clinical training in psychiatry.
1928
  • Lacan studies under Gaëtan Gatian de Clérambault at the special infirmary for the insane attached to the Police Préfecture.
1929
  • Lacan's brother, Marc-François, joins the Benedictines.
1930
  • Lacan publishes his first non-collaborative article in Annales Médico-Psychologiques.
1931
  • Lacan becomes increasingly interested in surrealism and meets Salvador Dalí.
1932
  • Lacan publishes his doctoral dissertation (On paranoiac psychosis in its relations to the personality) and sends a copy to Freud. Freud acknowledges receipt by postcard.
1933
  • Two articles by Lacan are published in the surrealist journal Minotaure. Alexandre Kojève begins lecturing on Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit at the Ecole des Hautes Études.

Lacan attends these lectures regularly over the following years.

1934
  • Lacan, who is already in analysis with Rudolph Loewenstein, joins the SPP as a candidate member. He marries Marie-Louise Blondin in January, who gives birth to their first child,

Caroline, the same month.

1935
  • Marc-François Lacan is ordained priest.
1936
  • Lacan presents his paper on the mirror stage to the fourteenth congress of the IPA at Marienbad on 3 August. He sets up private practice as a psychoanalyst.
1938
  • Lacan becomes a full member of the SPP, and his article on the family is published in the Encyclopédie Française. After Hitler's annexation of Austria, Freud leaves Vienna to settle in London; on his way to London he passes through Paris, but Lacan

decides not to attend the small gathering organised in Freud's honour.

1939
  • Thibaut, the second child of Lacan and Marie-Louise, is born in August. On 23 September Freud dies in London at the age of eighty-three. After Hitler's invasion of France the

SPP ceases to function. During the war Lacan works at a military hospital in Paris.

1940
  • Sibylle, third child of Lacan and Marie-Louise, is born in August.
1941
  • Sylvia Bataille, estranged wife of Georges Bataille, gives birth to Judith. Though Judith is Lacan's daughter, she receives the surname Bataille because Lacan is still married to Marie-Louise. Marie-Louise now requests a divorce.
1945
  • After the liberation of France, the SPP recommences meetings. Lacan travels to England where he spends five weeks studying the situation of psychiatry during the war years. His

separation from Marie-Louise is formally announced.

1947
  • Lacan publishes a report of his visit to England.
1949
  • Lacan presents another paper on the mirror stage to the sixteenth IPA congress in Zurich.
1951
  • Lacan begins giving weekly seminars in Sylvia Bataille's apartment at 3 rue de Lille. At this time, Lacan is vice-president of the SPP. In response to Lacan's practice of using sessions of variable duration, the SPP's commission on instruction demands that he

regularise his practice. Lacan promises to do so, but continues to vary the time of the sessions.

1953
  • Lacan marries Sylvia Bataille and becomes president of the SPP. In June Daniel Lagache, Juliette Favez-Boutonier and Françoise Dolto resign from the SPP to found the Société Française de Psychanalyse (SFP). Soon after, Lacan resigns from the SPP and joins the SFP.
  • Lacan opens the inaugural meeting of the SFP on the 8 July, where he delivers a lecture on 'the symbolic, the imaginary and the real'.
  • He is informed by letter that his membership of the IPA

has lapsed as a result of his resignation from the SPP. In September Lacan attends the sixteenth Conference of Psychoanalysts of the Romance Languages in Rome; the paper he writes for the occasion ('The function and field of speech and language in psychoanalysis') is too long to be read aloud and is distributed to participants instead.

  • In November Lacan begins his first public seminar in the Hôpital Sainte-Anne. These seminars, which will continue for twenty-seven years, soon become the principal platform for Lacan's teaching.
1954
  • The IPA refuses the SFP's request for affiliation. Heinz Hartmann intimates in a letter to Daniel Lagache that Lacan's presence in the SFP is the main reason for this refusal.
1956
  • The SFP renews its request for IPA affiliation, which is again refused. Lacan again appears to be the main sticking-point.
1959
  • The SFP again renews its request for IPA affiliation. This time the IPA sets up a committee to evaluate the SFP's application.
1961
  • The IPA committee arrives in Paris to interview members of the SFP and produces a report. On consideration of this report, the IPA rejects the SFP's application for affiliation as a member society and grants it instead 'study-group' status pending further investigation.
1963
  • The IPA committee conducts more interviews with SFP members and produces another report in which it recommends that the SFP be granted affiliation as a member society on condition

that Lacan and two other analysts be removed from the list of training analysts. The report also stipulates that Lacan's training activity should be banned for ever, and that trainee analysts should be prevented from attending his seminar. Lacan will later refer to this as his 'excommunication'. Lacan then resigns from the SFP.

1964
  • In January Lacan moves his public seminar to the École Normale Supérieure, and in June he founds his own organisation, the École Freudienne de Paris (EFP).