Difference between revisions of "Name-of-the-Father"

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{{Top}}Nom-du-Père{{Bottom}}
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{{Topp}}Nom-du-Père{{Bottom}}
  
=====Translator's Note=====
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==Translator's Note==
This concept derives, in a sense, from the mythical, symbolic father of Freud's ''Totem and Taboo''.
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This concept derives, in a sense, from the mythical, symbolic father of Freud's ''Totem and Taboo''. In terms of Lacan's three orders, it refers not to the real father, nor to the imaginary father (the paternal imago), but to the symbolic father. Freud, says Lacan, was led irresistibly "to link the appearance of the signifier of the Father, as the author of the Law, to death, even to the murder of the Father, thus showing that although this murder is the fruitful moment of the debt through which the [[subject]] binds himself for life to the [[law]], the [[symbolic]] [[Father]], in so far as he signifies this [[Law]], is certainly the [[dead]] [[Father]]."<ref>{{L}} "[[On a Question Preliminary to Any Possible Treatment of Psychosis|D'une question preliminaire a tout traitement possible de la psychose]]." ''[[Écrits]]''. Paris: Seuil, 1966: 531-83 ["[[On a Question Preliminary to Any Possible Treatment of Psychosis|On a question preliminary to any possible treatment of psychosis]]." Trans. [[Alan Sheridan]] ''[[Écrits: A Selection]]''. London: Tavistock, 1977; New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 1977: 179-225].</ref>
 
 
In terms of Lacan's three orders, it refers not to the real father, nor to the imaginary father (the paternal imago), but to the symbolic father.
 
 
 
Freud, says Lacan, was led irresistibly "to link the appearance of the signifier of the Father, as the author of the Law, to death, even to the murder of the Father, thus showing that although this murder is the fruitful moment of the debt through which the [[subject]] binds himself for life to the [[law]], the [[symbolic]] [[Father]], in so far as he signifies this [[Law]], is certainly the [[dead]] [[Father]]."<ref>{{L}} "[[On a Question Preliminary to Any Possible Treatment of Psychosis|D'une question preliminaire a tout traitement possible de la psychose]]." ''[[Écrits]]''. Paris: Seuil, 1966: 531-83 ["[[On a Question Preliminary to Any Possible Treatment of Psychosis|On a question preliminary to any possible treatment of psychosis]]." Trans. [[Alan Sheridan]] ''[[Écrits: A Selection]]''. London: Tavistock, 1977; New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 1977: 179-225].</ref>
 
  
 
==Jacques Lacan==
 
==Jacques Lacan==
=====Symbolic Father=====
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===Symbolic Father===
When the expression "[[Name-of-the-Father|the name of the father]]" first appeared in [[Lacan]]’s work, in the early 1950s, it is without capital letters and refers generally to the '''legislative''' and '''prohibitive''' function of the "'''[[symbolic]] [[father]]'''" as the one who lays down the [[taboo]] on [[incest]] in the '''[[Oedipus complex]]'''.
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When the expression "[[Name-of-the-Father|the name of the father]]" first appeared in [[Lacan]]’s work, in the early 1950s, it is without capital letters and refers generally to the '''legislative''' and '''prohibitive''' function of the "'''[[symbolic]] [[father]]'''" as the one who lays down the [[taboo]] on [[incest]] in the '''[[Oedipus complex]]'''.  
  
 
<blockquote>"It is in the '[[Name-of-the-Father|name of the father]]' that we must recognize the support of the '''symbolic function''' which, from the dawn of history, has identified his person with '''the figure of the law'''."<ref>{{E}} p.67</ref></blockquote>
 
<blockquote>"It is in the '[[Name-of-the-Father|name of the father]]' that we must recognize the support of the '''symbolic function''' which, from the dawn of history, has identified his person with '''the figure of the law'''."<ref>{{E}} p.67</ref></blockquote>
  
=====Legislative and Prohibitive Function=====
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===Legislative and Prohibitive Function===
 
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The rexpression is at once a semi-humorous [[religion|religious]] allusion (''In nomine patris'') and a play on the near-homonyms '''''non''''' and '''''nom''''': the '''[[name-of-the-father]]''' ('''''le nom du père''''') is also the [[father]]'s "'''no'''" ('''''le "non" du père''''') to the [[child]]'s [[incest]]uous '''[[desire]]''' for its '''[[mother]]'''. (the '''[[law|legislative and prohibitive function]]''' of the '''[[symbolic]] [[father]]''')
The rexpression is at once a semi-humorous [[religion|religious]] allusion (''In nomine patris'') and a play on the near-homonyms '''''non''''' and '''''nom''''': the '''[[name-of-the-father]]''' ('''''le nom du père''''') is also the [[father]]'s "'''no'''" ('''''le "non" du père''''') to the [[child]]'s [[incest]]uous '''[[desire]]''' for its '''[[mother]]'''.
 
 
 
to emphasize the '''[[law|legislative and prohibitive function]]''' of the '''[[symbolic]] [[father]]'''.
 
  
=====Fundamental Signifier=====
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===Fundamental Signifier===
 
In [[Lacan]]'s 1955-6 [[seminar]], [[The Psychoses]], the expression becomes capitalized and hyphenated and takes on a more precise meaning;  the [[Name-of-the-Father]] is described as the '''[[fundamental signifier]]''' which permits '''[[signification]]''' to proceed normally.
 
In [[Lacan]]'s 1955-6 [[seminar]], [[The Psychoses]], the expression becomes capitalized and hyphenated and takes on a more precise meaning;  the [[Name-of-the-Father]] is described as the '''[[fundamental signifier]]''' which permits '''[[signification]]''' to proceed normally.
  
 
The [[Name-of-the-Father]] both confers [[identity]] on [[human]] [[subject]]s (by situating them in a lineage and the [[symbolic]] [[order]]), and [[signification|signifies]] the '''[[Oedipus complex|Oedipal]] [[law|prohibition]]''', the ''''no'''' of the [[incest]] [[taboo]].
 
The [[Name-of-the-Father]] both confers [[identity]] on [[human]] [[subject]]s (by situating them in a lineage and the [[symbolic]] [[order]]), and [[signification|signifies]] the '''[[Oedipus complex|Oedipal]] [[law|prohibition]]''', the ''''no'''' of the [[incest]] [[taboo]].
  
=====Foreclosure=====
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===Foreclosure===
 
The [[foreclosure]]] of this [[fundamental signifier]], or its expulsion from the [[subject]]'s [[symbolic|symbolic universe]], is said by [[Lacan]] to be the mechanism that triggers '''[[psychosis]]'''.
 
The [[foreclosure]]] of this [[fundamental signifier]], or its expulsion from the [[subject]]'s [[symbolic|symbolic universe]], is said by [[Lacan]] to be the mechanism that triggers '''[[psychosis]]'''.
  
=====Paternal Metaphor=====
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===Paternal Metaphor===
 
[[Image:NOTF.gif|thumb|404px|right|The paternal metaphor]]
 
[[Image:NOTF.gif|thumb|404px|right|The paternal metaphor]]
 
In another work on [[psychosis]], [[Lacan]] represents the '''[[Oedipus complex]]''' as a '''[[metaphor]]''' ('''[[paternal metaphor]]'''), in which one [[signifier]] (the [[Name-of-the-Father]]) [[metaphor|substitutes]] another (the [[desire]] of the [[mother]]).
 
In another work on [[psychosis]], [[Lacan]] represents the '''[[Oedipus complex]]''' as a '''[[metaphor]]''' ('''[[paternal metaphor]]'''), in which one [[signifier]] (the [[Name-of-the-Father]]) [[metaphor|substitutes]] another (the [[desire]] of the [[mother]]).

Revision as of 23:18, 26 October 2006

French: Nom-du-Père

Translator's Note

This concept derives, in a sense, from the mythical, symbolic father of Freud's Totem and Taboo. In terms of Lacan's three orders, it refers not to the real father, nor to the imaginary father (the paternal imago), but to the symbolic father. Freud, says Lacan, was led irresistibly "to link the appearance of the signifier of the Father, as the author of the Law, to death, even to the murder of the Father, thus showing that although this murder is the fruitful moment of the debt through which the subject binds himself for life to the law, the symbolic Father, in so far as he signifies this Law, is certainly the dead Father."[1]

Jacques Lacan

Symbolic Father

When the expression "the name of the father" first appeared in Lacan’s work, in the early 1950s, it is without capital letters and refers generally to the legislative and prohibitive function of the "symbolic father" as the one who lays down the taboo on incest in the Oedipus complex.

"It is in the 'name of the father' that we must recognize the support of the symbolic function which, from the dawn of history, has identified his person with the figure of the law."[2]

Legislative and Prohibitive Function

The rexpression is at once a semi-humorous religious allusion (In nomine patris) and a play on the near-homonyms non and nom: the name-of-the-father (le nom du père) is also the father's "no" (le "non" du père) to the child's incestuous desire for its mother. (the legislative and prohibitive function of the symbolic father)

Fundamental Signifier

In Lacan's 1955-6 seminar, The Psychoses, the expression becomes capitalized and hyphenated and takes on a more precise meaning; the Name-of-the-Father is described as the fundamental signifier which permits signification to proceed normally.

The Name-of-the-Father both confers identity on human subjects (by situating them in a lineage and the symbolic order), and signifies the Oedipal prohibition, the 'no' of the incest taboo.

Foreclosure

The foreclosure] of this fundamental signifier, or its expulsion from the subject's symbolic universe, is said by Lacan to be the mechanism that triggers psychosis.

Paternal Metaphor

The paternal metaphor

In another work on psychosis, Lacan represents the Oedipus complex as a metaphor (paternal metaphor), in which one signifier (the Name-of-the-Father) substitutes another (the desire of the mother).

See Also

References

  1. Lacan, Jacques. "D'une question preliminaire a tout traitement possible de la psychose." Écrits. Paris: Seuil, 1966: 531-83 ["On a question preliminary to any possible treatment of psychosis." Trans. Alan Sheridan Écrits: A Selection. London: Tavistock, 1977; New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 1977: 179-225].
  2. Lacan, Jacques. Écrits: A Selection. Trans. Alan Sheridan. London: Tavistock Publications, 1977. p.67