Difference between revisions of "Name-of-the-Father"

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==Jacques Lacan==
[[Jacques Lacan]] developed the concept of the [[Name-of-the-Father]] (''le nom du père'').
The expression is capitalized and hyphenated in the [[seminar]] on [[The Psychoses]].
The Oedipus complex makes the father the agent of the prohibition that makes it the impossible to access the object-cause-of-desire.
French [[psychoanalyst]] [[Jacques Lacan]] revised the [[oedipus complex]] in line with his [[structuralism|structuralist]] attempt to combine [[psychoanalysis]] and [[linguistics]].
The [[father]] is no longer a [[biology|biological]] father, but a function of a father: the [[Name-of-the-Father]].
The '[[Name of the Father]]' refers to the [[law]]s and restrictions that control both [[desire]] and the rules of [[communication]].
== Prohibitive Function of the Symbolic Father ==
The expression “the name of the father,” when it first appeared in Lacan’s work, in the early 1950s, referred generally to the “[[prohibition|prohibitive role]]” of the “[[symbolic]] [[father]]” as the one who lays down the [[incest]] [[taboo]] in the [[oedipus complex]].
<blockquote>“It is in the ‘name of the father’ that we must recognize the support of the symbolic function which, from the dawn of history, has identified his person with the figure of the law.”<ref>Lacan, Jacques. Écrits. p.67</ref></blockquote>
In [[Lacan]]'s 1955-6 [[seminar]], [[The Psychoses]], the [[name-of-the-father]] is described as the fundamental [[signifier]] that both confers [[identity]] on [[human]] [[subject]]s by situating them in a lineage and the [[symbolic]] [[order]], and reiterates the [[prohibition]] on [[incest]].
===The “No” of the Father===
In the French language, the expression “the name of the father” (''le nom du père'') is phonetically similar to the expression “the ‘no’ of the father” (''le ‘non’ du père'').
Lacan plays on this similarity to emphasize the prohibitive function of the symbolic father (the ‘no’ of the [[incest]] [[taboo]]).
The term is a play on the near-homonyms ''non'' and ''nom''.
The "[[Name-of-the-Father]]" (''[[nom-du-père]]'') can be read the "'No' of the [[Father]]" (''non-du-père'').
The 'No' refers to the [[symbolic]] [[prohibition]]
The 'No' of the [[Father]] to the [[desire]] of the [[child]] for [[incest]]uous relations with the [[mother]].
The 'No' of the [[Father]] to the [[child]]'s [[incest]]uous [[desire]] for the [[mother]].
The [[Name of the Father]]' (Fr. ‘’Nom du père’’) , is the [[signifier]] associated with the [[signified]] [[concept]] of the [[father]].
The name of the Father is a [[symbolic]] formation.
The [[Name-of-the-Father]] is the [[fundamental signifier]] which permits [[signification]] to proceed normally.
This fundamental signifier both confers [[identity]] on the [[subject]] (insofar as it names him, positions him within the symbolic order, etc.) and signifies the [[oedipus complex|oedipal]] [[prohibition]], the ‘no’ of the [[incest]] [[taboo]]. 
The [[foreclosure]] of the [[name-of-the-father]], or its expulsion from the [[subject]]'s [[symbolic]] universe, is said by [[Lacan]] to be the mechanism that triggers [[psychosis]].
If this signifier is foreclosed (not included in the symbolic order), the result is [[psychosis]].
Nevertheless, [[Jacques Lacan]] developed this concept with the ultimately unsuccessful aim of curing psychosis.
==Outside Language==
The [[phallus]], as a [[representation]] of [[mastery]], can never be reached.
The [[father]] is above or [[outside]] the [[structure]] of [[language]].
[[Language]] relies on the [[absence]] of the [[phallus]] from the [[structure]] of [[signification]].
[[Language]] would not make sense, or produce [[meaning]], if the [[phallus]] were not '[[outside]]'.
Nothing can be thought that is ''outside'' of language, but the phallus ''is'' there and therefore structures the whole system of thought accordingly.
==Freud vs Lacan==
In ''[[Totem and Taboo]]'', [[Sigmund Freud]]
There was a [[father]] which the brothers killed.
The brothers felt guilty about killing their [[father]].
The Name-of-the-Father is closely bound up with the [[superego]], the [[phallus]], the [[symbolic]] [[order]], and the [[oedipus complex]].
The [[Name-of-the-Father]] has a [[shadow double]] in the [[Father-of-Enjoyment]].
* [[Fatherhood]]
* [[Foreclosure]]
* [[Identification
* [[Metaphor]]
* [[Metonymy]]
* [[Myth of origins]]
* [[Phobia]]
* [[Psychosis]]
* [[Real,
* [[Schizophrenia]]
* [[Seminar]]
* [[Signifier]]
* [[Signified]]
* [[Signifying chain]]
* [[Superego]]
* [[Symptom]]
* [[Sinthome]]
* Lacan, Jacques. (2002). The subversion of the subject and the dialectic of desire in the Freudian subconscious. In Écrits: A selection (Bruce Fink, Trans.). New York: Norton.
[[category:Freudian psychology]]
[[Category:Psychoanalytic theory]]
[[Category:Jacques Lacan]]

Revision as of 07:07, 4 August 2006