Difference between revisions of "Paternal metaphor"

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{{Top}}métaphore paternelle{{Bottom}}
 
{{Top}}métaphore paternelle{{Bottom}}
 
==Paternity and Metaphor==
 
[[Image:Lacan-paternalmetaphor.jpg|center]]
 
When, in 1956, [[Lacan]] first begins to discuss the tropes of [[metaphor]] and [[metonymy]] in detail, the example he takes to illustrate the structure of [[metaphor]] is a line from [[Victor Hugo]]'s [[poem]], [[Booz endormi]].<ref>Hugo, 1859-83: 97-9</ref>
 
 
This [[poem]] retells the [[biblical]] story of Ruth and Boaz; while Ruth sleeps at his feet, Boaz dreams that a tree grows out of his stomach, a revelation that he is to be the founder of a race.
 
 
In the line which [[Lacan]] quotes - "His sheaf was neither miserly  nor spiteful" - the [[metaphoric]] [[substitution]] of "sheaf" for "Boaz" produces a poetic effect of [[signification]].<ref>{{S3}} p. 218-25; {{S4}} p. 377-8; {{E}} p. 156-8; {{S8}} p. 158-9</ref>
 
 
[[Paternity]] is thus both the theme of the [[poem]] (its [[content]]) and also inherent in the [[structure]] of [[metaphor]] itself.
 
 
All [[paternity]] involves [[metaphor]]ic [[substitution]], and vice versa.
 
  
 
==Paternal Metaphor==
 
==Paternal Metaphor==
 
The phrase "[[paternal metaphor]]" is introduced by [[Lacan]] in 1957.<ref>{{S4}} p. 379</ref>  
 
The phrase "[[paternal metaphor]]" is introduced by [[Lacan]] in 1957.<ref>{{S4}} p. 379</ref>  
  
In 1958, he goes on to elaborate the [[structure]] of this [[metaphor]]; it involves the [[substitution]] of one [[signifier]] (the [[Name-of-the-Father]]) for another (the [[desire]] of the [[mother]]).<ref>{{E}} p.200</ref>
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In 1958, he goes on to elaborate the [[structure]] of this [[metaphor]]; it involves the [[substitution]] of one [[signifier]] (the [[Name-of-the-Father]]) for [[another]] (the [[desire]] of the [[mother]]).<ref>{{E}} p.200</ref>
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[[Image:Lacan-paternalmetaphor.jpg|center]]
  
The [[paternal metaphor]] thus designates the [[metaphorical]] (i.e. substitutive) character of the [[oedipus complex]] itself.  
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The [[paternal metaphor]] thus designates the [[metaphorical]] (i.e. [[substitutive]]) [[character]] of the [[oedipus complex]] itself.  
  
It is the fundamental [[metaphor]] on which all [[signification]] depends: for this reason, all [[signification]] is [[phallic]].  
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It is the fundamental [[metaphor]] on which all [[signification]] depends: for this [[reason]], all [[signification]] is [[phallic]].  
  
 
If the [[Name-of-the-Father]] is [[foreclosed]] (i.e. in [[psychosis]]), there can be no [[paternal metaphor]], and hence no [[phallic]] [[signification]].
 
If the [[Name-of-the-Father]] is [[foreclosed]] (i.e. in [[psychosis]]), there can be no [[paternal metaphor]], and hence no [[phallic]] [[signification]].

Latest revision as of 16:49, 20 May 2019

French: métaphore paternelle

Paternal Metaphor

The phrase "paternal metaphor" is introduced by Lacan in 1957.[1]

In 1958, he goes on to elaborate the structure of this metaphor; it involves the substitution of one signifier (the Name-of-the-Father) for another (the desire of the mother).[2]

Lacan-paternalmetaphor.jpg

The paternal metaphor thus designates the metaphorical (i.e. substitutive) character of the oedipus complex itself.

It is the fundamental metaphor on which all signification depends: for this reason, all signification is phallic.

If the Name-of-the-Father is foreclosed (i.e. in psychosis), there can be no paternal metaphor, and hence no phallic signification.

See Also

References

  1. Lacan, Jacques. Le Séminaire. Livre IV. La relation d'objet, 19566-57. Ed. Jacques-Alain Miller. Paris: Seuil, 1991. p. 379
  2. Lacan, Jacques. Écrits: A Selection. Trans. Alan Sheridan. London: Tavistock Publications, 1977. p.200