From No Subject - Encyclopedia of Psychoanalysis
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Psychotherapy is a method for the treatment of psychological problems, which are often expressed somatically. Therapies can be classified following various models. In the cathartic model, the patient is urged to speak, in order to expel or get rid of his suffering. The therapist favors the act of communication over the content of what is expressed. In the reparative model, the therapist tries to help the patient by bringing love and understanding to cancel out the prejudice he has been victim of or to make up for some internal deficit....