Difference between revisions of "Signified"

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==Ferdinand Saussure==
 
==Ferdinand Saussure==
 
According to [[Saussure]], the [[signified]] is the [[conceptual]] element of the [[sign]].  
 
According to [[Saussure]], the [[signified]] is the [[conceptual]] element of the [[sign]].  
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It is not the real [[object]] denoted by a [[sign]] -- the [[referent]] -- but a [[psychological]] entity corresponding to such an [[object]].<ref>[[Saussure|Saussure, Ferdinand]]. (1916) ''Course in General Linguistics'', ed. Charles Bally and Albert Sechehaye, trans. Wade Baskin, Glasgow: Collins Fontana. p.66-7</ref>
 
It is not the real [[object]] denoted by a [[sign]] -- the [[referent]] -- but a [[psychological]] entity corresponding to such an [[object]].<ref>[[Saussure|Saussure, Ferdinand]]. (1916) ''Course in General Linguistics'', ed. Charles Bally and Albert Sechehaye, trans. Wade Baskin, Glasgow: Collins Fontana. p.66-7</ref>
  
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==Jacques Lacan==
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====Primacy of the Signifier=====
 
For [[Saussure]], the [[signified]] has the same status as the [[signifier]]; both form equal sides of the [[sign]].  
 
For [[Saussure]], the [[signified]] has the same status as the [[signifier]]; both form equal sides of the [[sign]].  
  
==Jacques Lacan==
+
[[Lacan]], on the other hand, asserts the primacy of the [[signifier]], and argues that the [[signified]] is a mere effect of the play of [[signifier]]s, an effect of the process of [[signification]] produced by [[metaphor]].  
[[Lacan]] asserts the primacy of the [[signifier]].
 
 
 
He argues that the [[signified]] is a mere effect of the play of [[signifier]]s, an effect of the process of [[signification]] produced by [[metaphor]].  
 
  
 
In other words, the [[signified]] is not given, but produced.
 
In other words, the [[signified]] is not given, but produced.
  
 +
=====Priority of Language====
 
[[Lacan]]'s view is thus opposed to an expressionist view of [[language]], according to which [[concepts]] exist in some pre-verbal state before being expressed in the [[material]] medium of [[language]].  
 
[[Lacan]]'s view is thus opposed to an expressionist view of [[language]], according to which [[concepts]] exist in some pre-verbal state before being expressed in the [[material]] medium of [[language]].  
  
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==See Also==
 
==See Also==
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* [[Sign]]
 +
* [[Signification]]
 
* [[Signifier]]
 
* [[Signifier]]
* [[Sign]]
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* [[Language]]
 
* [[Materialism]]
 
* [[Materialism]]
* [[Language]]
 
 
* [[Metaphor]]
 
* [[Metaphor]]
* [[Signification]]
 
  
 
== References ==
 
== References ==
 
<references/>
 
<references/>
  
[[Category:Symbolic]]
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[[Category:Psychoanalysis]]
 
[[Category:Jacques Lacan]]
 
[[Category:Jacques Lacan]]
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[[Category:Linguistics]]
 
[[Category:Dictionary]]
 
[[Category:Dictionary]]
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[[Category:Language]]
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[[Category:Symbolic]]
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[[Category:Concepts]]
 
[[Category:Terms]]
 
[[Category:Terms]]
[[Category:Concepts]]
+
[[Category:OK]]
[[Category:Psychoanalysis]]
 

Revision as of 22:23, 17 August 2006

Ferdinand Saussure

According to Saussure, the signified is the conceptual element of the sign.

It is not the real object denoted by a sign -- the referent -- but a psychological entity corresponding to such an object.[1]

Jacques Lacan

Primacy of the Signifier=

For Saussure, the signified has the same status as the signifier; both form equal sides of the sign.

Lacan, on the other hand, asserts the primacy of the signifier, and argues that the signified is a mere effect of the play of signifiers, an effect of the process of signification produced by metaphor.

In other words, the signified is not given, but produced.

=Priority of Language

Lacan's view is thus opposed to an expressionist view of language, according to which concepts exist in some pre-verbal state before being expressed in the material medium of language.

In contrast to such a view, Lacan asserts the priority (logical rather than chronological) of the material element of language.

See Also

References

  1. Saussure, Ferdinand. (1916) Course in General Linguistics, ed. Charles Bally and Albert Sechehaye, trans. Wade Baskin, Glasgow: Collins Fontana. p.66-7