Difference between revisions of "Signified"

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{{Top}}signifié{{Bottom}}
  
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==Ferdinand de Saussure==
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According to [[Saussure]], the [[signified]] is the [[conceptual]] element of the [[sign]].  It is not the [[real]] [[object]] denoted by a [[sign]] -- the [[referent]] -- but a [[psychological]] entity corresponding to such an [[object]].<ref>[[Saussure|Saussure, Ferdinand de]]. ''[[Saussure|Course in General Linguistics]]'', ed. Charles Bally and Albert Sechehaye, trans. Wade Baskin, Glasgow: Collins Fontana. 1916. p.66-7</ref>
  
signified (sigmyiÈ) According to Saussure, the signified is the concep-
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==Jacques Lacan==
 
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===Primacy of the Signifier===
tual element of the     SIGN. It iS DOt the real object denoted by      a sign (the
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For [[Saussure]], the [[signified]] has the same status as the [[signifier]]; both [[form]] equal sides of the [[sign]]. [[Lacan]], on the [[other]] hand, asserts the primacy of the [[signifier]], and argues that the [[signified]] is a mere effect of the play of [[signifier]]s, an effect of the [[process]] of [[signification]] produced by [[metaphor]]. In other [[words]], the [[signified]] is not given, but produced.
 
 
referent),    but  a psychological entity corresponding          to such    an object
 
 
 
(Saussure, 1916: 66-7).
 
 
 
    For Saussure, the signified has the same status as the SIGNIFIER; both form
 
 
 
equal sides of the sign. Lacan, on the other hand, asserts the supremacy of the
 
 
 
signifier, and argues that the signified is a mere effect of the play of signifiers,
 
 
 
an effect of the process of signification produced by metaphor. In other words,
 
 
 
the signified is not given, but produced.
 
 
 
    Lacan's view is thus opposed to an expressionist view of language, accord-
 
 
 
ing to which concepts exist in some pre-verbal state before being expressed in
 
 
 
the material medium of language. In contrast to such a view, Lacan asserts the
 
 
 
priority (logical rather than chronological) of the material element of language.
 
 
 
  
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===Materialism of Language===
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[[Lacan]]'s view is thus opposed to an expressionist view of [[language]], according to which [[concepts]] [[exist]] in some pre-[[verbal]] [[state]] before [[being]] expressed in the [[material]] medium of [[language]].  In contrast to such a view, [[Lacan]] asserts the priority ([[logical]] rather than [[chronological]]) of the [[material]] element of [[language]].
  
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==See Also==
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{{See}}
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* [[Language]]
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* [[Materialism]]
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* [[Metaphor]]
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* [[Sign]]
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* [[Signification]]
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* [[Signifier]]
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{{Also}}
  
 
== References ==
 
== References ==
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<div style="font-size:11px" class="references-small">
 
<references/>
 
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</div>
  
[[Category:Lacan]]
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[[Category:Psychoanalysis]]
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[[Category:Jacques Lacan]]
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[[Category:Linguistics]]
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[[Category:Dictionary]]
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[[Category:Language]]
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[[Category:Symbolic]]
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[[Category:Concepts]]
 
[[Category:Terms]]
 
[[Category:Terms]]
[[Category:Concepts]]
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[[Category:OK]]
[[Category:Psychoanalysis]]
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Latest revision as of 19:12, 20 May 2019

French: signifié

Ferdinand de Saussure

According to Saussure, the signified is the conceptual element of the sign. It is not the real object denoted by a sign -- the referent -- but a psychological entity corresponding to such an object.[1]

Jacques Lacan

Primacy of the Signifier

For Saussure, the signified has the same status as the signifier; both form equal sides of the sign. Lacan, on the other hand, asserts the primacy of the signifier, and argues that the signified is a mere effect of the play of signifiers, an effect of the process of signification produced by metaphor. In other words, the signified is not given, but produced.

Materialism of Language

Lacan's view is thus opposed to an expressionist view of language, according to which concepts exist in some pre-verbal state before being expressed in the material medium of language. In contrast to such a view, Lacan asserts the priority (logical rather than chronological) of the material element of language.

See Also

References

  1. Saussure, Ferdinand de. Course in General Linguistics, ed. Charles Bally and Albert Sechehaye, trans. Wade Baskin, Glasgow: Collins Fontana. 1916. p.66-7