Difference between revisions of "Signified"

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According to Saussure, the signified is the conceptual element of the [[sign]].  
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==Ferdinand de Saussure==
It is not the real object denoted by a sign (the ppreferent[[), but a psychological entity corresponding to such an object.<ref>(Saussure, 1916: 66-7)</ref>
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According to [[Saussure]], the [[signified]] is the [[conceptual]] element of the [[sign]]. It is not the [[real]] [[object]] denoted by a [[sign]] -- the [[referent]] -- but a [[psychological]] entity corresponding to such an [[object]].<ref>[[Saussure|Saussure, Ferdinand de]]. ''[[Saussure|Course in General Linguistics]]'', ed. Charles Bally and Albert Sechehaye, trans. Wade Baskin, Glasgow: Collins Fontana. 1916. p.66-7</ref>
  
For Saussure, the signified has the same status as the [[signifier]]; both form equal sides of the sign.  
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==Jacques Lacan==
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===Primacy of the Signifier===
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For [[Saussure]], the [[signified]] has the same status as the [[signifier]]; both [[form]] equal sides of the [[sign]].  [[Lacan]], on the [[other]] hand, asserts the primacy of the [[signifier]], and argues that the [[signified]] is a mere effect of the play of [[signifier]]s, an effect of the [[process]] of [[signification]] produced by [[metaphor]].  In other [[words]], the [[signified]] is not given, but produced.
  
Lacan, on the other hand, asserts the supremacy of the signifier, and argues that the signified is a mere effect of the play of signifiers, an effect of the process of signification produced by metaphor.  
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===Materialism of Language===
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[[Lacan]]'s view is thus opposed to an expressionist view of [[language]], according to which [[concepts]] [[exist]] in some pre-[[verbal]] [[state]] before [[being]] expressed in the [[material]] medium of [[language]].  In contrast to such a view, [[Lacan]] asserts the priority ([[logical]] rather than [[chronological]]) of the [[material]] element of [[language]].
  
In other words, the signified is not given, but produced.
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==See Also==
Lacan's view is thus opposed to an expressionist view of language, according to which concepts exist in some pre-verbal state before being expressed in the material medium of language.
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{{See}}
In contrast to such a view, Lacan asserts the priority (logical rather than chronological) of the material element of language.
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* [[Language]]
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* [[Materialism]]
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* [[Metaphor]]
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* [[Sign]]
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* [[Signification]]
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* [[Signifier]]
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{{Also}}
  
 
== References ==
 
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Latest revision as of 19:12, 20 May 2019

French: signifié

Ferdinand de Saussure

According to Saussure, the signified is the conceptual element of the sign. It is not the real object denoted by a sign -- the referent -- but a psychological entity corresponding to such an object.[1]

Jacques Lacan

Primacy of the Signifier

For Saussure, the signified has the same status as the signifier; both form equal sides of the sign. Lacan, on the other hand, asserts the primacy of the signifier, and argues that the signified is a mere effect of the play of signifiers, an effect of the process of signification produced by metaphor. In other words, the signified is not given, but produced.

Materialism of Language

Lacan's view is thus opposed to an expressionist view of language, according to which concepts exist in some pre-verbal state before being expressed in the material medium of language. In contrast to such a view, Lacan asserts the priority (logical rather than chronological) of the material element of language.

See Also

References

  1. Saussure, Ferdinand de. Course in General Linguistics, ed. Charles Bally and Albert Sechehaye, trans. Wade Baskin, Glasgow: Collins Fontana. 1916. p.66-7