# Changes

## Algebra

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{{Topp}}algèbre{{Bottom}}

[[Algebra]] ~~([[Fr]]. ''[[algèbre]]'') ~~is a branch of [[mathematics]] ~~(or ~~which reduces the solution of problems to manipulations of [[~~logic~~symbolic]]~~) concerned with the properties and relationships of abstract entities represented in symbolic form~~expressions.

==Formalization==

In 1955, [[Lacan]] begins to use [[algebraic]] [[symbol]]s -- in an attempt to [[formalize]] [[psychoanalysis]].

:1. [[~~Jacques Lacan~~Formalization]] ~~begins to use ~~is necessary for [[~~algebraic]~~psychoanalysis] ~~[[symbol~~]~~]s in 1955 (in an attempt ~~to acquire [[~~formalise]] [[psychoanalysis~~scientific]]~~)~~status.

:~~1~~2. [[Formalization ~~is necessary for ~~]] can provide a core of [[~~psychoanalysis~~psychoanalytic theory]] which can be transmitted integrally even to ~~acquire ~~those who have never experienced [[~~scientific~~psychoanalytic treatment]] ~~status~~.

:~~Just as ~~The [[~~Claude Lévi-Strauss~~matheme|formulae]] ~~uses quasi-mathematical formulae in ~~thus become an ~~attempt to set ~~essential aspect of the [[training]] of [~~anthropology~~[psychoanalysis]] ~~on a more ~~which take their [[~~scientific~~place]] ~~footing, ~~alongside [[~~Lacan~~training|training analysis]] ~~attempts to do ~~as a medium for the ~~same for ~~transmission of [[psychoanalytic]] [[~~psychoanalysis~~knowledge]].

:3. [[Formalization]] of [[psychoanalytic theory]] in [[terms]] of [[algebraic]] [[symbols]] is a means of preventing [[knowledge|intuitive understanding]], which [[Lacan]] regards as an [[imaginary]] [[lure]] which hinders access to the [[symbolic]]. :Rather than [[being]] [[understood]] in an intuitive way, the [[algebraic]] [[symbols]] are to be used ~~quasi~~, manipulated and read in various different ways.<ref>{{E}} p.313</ref> ==List==[[Image:Lacan-~~mathematical formulae ~~algebra.jpg|thumb|right|[[List of algebraic symbols]]]]The [[algebraic]] [[symbol]]s used by [[Lacan]], which appear principally in ~~an attempt ~~the [[matheme]]s, [[schema l]] and the [[graph of desire]], are [[List of Algebraic Symbols|listed here]], together with their most common [[meaning]]. ''[[List of algebraic symbols|Click here]] to view the [[List of Algebraic Symbols]]'' ==Development==It is important to [[remember]] that the [[symbol]]s do not always refer to the same [[concept]] throughout [[Lacan]]'s [[work]], but are used in different ways as his work develops. Therefore some caution should be exercised when referring to the [[list]] of [[equivalences]] above. ==Details==The typographic details and diacritics are extremely important in [[Lacan]]ian [[algebra]].The [[difference]] between upper- and lower-[[case]] [[symbol]]s, the difference between italicised and non-italicised [[symbol]]s, the use of the apostrophe, the minus [[sign]], and subscripts; all these details play their part in the [[algebraic]] [[system]]. For example the upper-case letters usually refer to the [[symbolic]] [[order]], whereas the lower-case letters usually refer to ~~set ~~the [[~~psychoanalysis~~imaginary]] ~~on a more ~~. The use of the [[~~scientific~~bar]] ~~footing~~is also important.

==References==<div style="font-size:~~The [[matheme|formulae]] thus become an essential aspect of the [[training]] of [[psychoanalysis]] which take their place alongside [[training|training analysis]] as a medium for the transmission of [[psychoanalytic]] [[knowledge]].~~11px" class="references-small"><references/></div>