==Ferdinand Saussure== According to [[Saussure]], the [[signified]] is the [[conceptual]] element of the [[sign]].
It is not the real [[object]] denoted by a [[sign]] -- the [[referent]] -- but a [[psychological]] entity corresponding to such an [[object]].<ref>[[Saussure|Saussure, Ferdinand]].
(1916) ''[[Saussure|Course in General Linguistics]]'', ed. Charles Bally and Albert Sechehaye, trans. Wade Baskin, Glasgow: Collins Fontana. p.66-7</ref>
=====Primacy of the Signifier =====For [[Saussure]], the [[signified]] has the same status as the [[signifier]]; both form equal sides of the [[sign]].
[[Lacan]], on the other hand, asserts the primacy of the [[signifier]], and argues that the [[signified]] is a mere effect of the play of [[signifier]]s, an effect of the process of [[signification]] produced by [[metaphor]]. In other words, the [[signified]] is not given, but produced. =====Materialism of Language =====[[Lacan]]'s view is thus opposed to an expressionist view of [[language]], according to which [[concepts]] exist in some pre-verbal state before being expressed in the [[material]] medium of [[language]]. In contrast to such a view, [[Lacan]] asserts the priority (logical rather than chronological) of the [[material]] element of [[language]].
* [[Language]] * [[Materialism]] * [[Metaphor]]
== References ==