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((It is one of the factors of the ego and its [[representation ]] as termed "an [[individual]], differentiated, [[real]], and permanent entity" (Racamier) particularized by a distinctive [[history ]] and modes of [[feeling]], [[thinking]], and doing.))
This accounts for Heinz [[Hartmann]]'s [[distinction ]] between, on the one hand, the ego as a function and the self as the object of [[narcissistic ]] investment, and, on the [[other]], "object representations" and "self representations," [[meaning ]] the [[unconscious]], [[preconscious]], and [[conscious ]] representations of the corporeal and [[mental ]] self within the [[system ]] of the ego, representations that are invested with both [[libidinal ]] and destructive [[energy ]] to become [[love ]] [[objects ]] and objects of [[hatred]].
Jacques [[Lacan ]] took a different approach. In "The [[Mirror ]] [[Stage ]] as Formative of the Function of the I as Revealed in [[Psychoanalytic ]] [[Experience]]" (1949/2004), he described the [[mirror stage ]] as "a drama whose [[internal ]] pressure pushes precipitously from insufficiency to anticipation—and, for the subject caught up in the [[lure ]] of spatial [[identification]], turns out [[fantasies ]] that extends from a fragmented image of the [[body ]] to what I call "orthopedic" [[form ]] of its totality—and to the finally donned armor of an [[alienating ]] [[identity ]] that will mark his entire mental [[development ]] with its rigid [[structure]]" (p. 6).
Thus self representation is just of one aspect of the subject's representations, marked by its belonging to the ego—that is, its insertion into [[reality]], the aim of a con-substantial [[coherence ]] with its narcissistic [[dimension ]] and the lure it implies. To varying degrees it can be destabilized, called into question, unmasked by desires and conflicts, or seriously disturbed. The latter may take the form of the radical self-depreciation of [[melancholia]], the overvaluation of self in mania, or a collapse into [[schizophrenia]], where a more or less delusional new self representationis reconstituted as savior of the [[world]], self-procreator of all [[human ]] lineages, of other such variant. Other less dramatic but particularly trying forms occur when the self representation is called into question in borderline states or transformed into transsexualism.
Any existential crisis, particularly in adolescence, can challenge or [[cause ]] serious disturbances in self representation. These occur in [[anorexia]], [[bulimia]], dysmorphophobia ([[fear ]] of deformity), or [[psychotic ]] decompensation, all considered by American authors as defects in self-representation or as pathologies of identity (Erikson). Among the various elaborations proposed by authors who espouse Hartmann's conception, Edith Jacobson's has the merit of showing the correlation between the self and the object world, between identity and the feeling of identity within a framework that combines individuation and identification, and thus grants a determining [[role ]] to the unconscious.
==See Also==
* [[Object]]
# Erikson, Erik H. ([[1968]]). Identity: Youth and crisis. New York: Norton.
# Jacobson, Edith. (1964). The self and the object world. New York: International Universities Press.
# [[Lacan, Jacques]]. (2004). [[The mirror stage ]] as formative of the function of the I as revealed in psychoanalytic experience. InÉcrits: A selection ([[Bruce Fink]], Trans.), pp. 3-9. New York: Norton. (Original [[work ]] published 1949)
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