Difference between revisions of "Split"

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==Sigmund Freud==
 
==Sigmund Freud==
  
[[Freud]] described the "[[splitting of the ego]]" ([[German]]: ''[[Ich-spaltung]]'', [[French]]: ''[[clivage du moi]]'') in his analysis of [[fetishism]] and [[psychosis]] as the process in which two contradictory attitudes come to exist side by side in the [[ego]] - [[acceptance]] and [[disavowal]].<ref>Freud. 1940b.</ref>
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[[Freud]] talks about the "[[splitting of the ego]]" ([[German]]: ''[[Ich-spaltung]]'', [[French]]: ''[[clivage du moi]]'') as a process, observable in [[fetishism]] and [[psychosis]], whereby two contradictory attitudes come to exist side by side in the [[ego]] - acceptance and [[disavowal]].<ref>Freud. 1940b.</ref>
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 +
 
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[[Freud]] talks about the "[[splitting of the ego]]" ([[German]]: ''[[Ich-spaltung]]'', [[French]]: ''[[clivage du moi]]'') in his analysis of [[fetishism]] and [[psychosis]] as the process in which two contradictory attitudes come to exist side by side in the [[ego]] - acceptance and [[disavowal]].<ref>Freud. 1940b.</ref>
  
 
==Jacques Lacan==
 
==Jacques Lacan==
  
[[Lacan]] expands the concept of ''[[spaltung]]'' (from a process unique to [[fetishism]] or [[psychosis]]) to a general characteristic of [[subject]]ivity itself.
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[[Lacan]] expands the concept of ''[[Spaltung]]'' (from a process unique to [[fetishism]] or [[psychosis]]) to a general characteristic of [[subject]]ivity itself; the [[subject]] can never be anything other than [[divided]], [[split]], [[alienation|alienated]] from himself.
  
The [[subject]] can never be anything other than [[divided]], [[split]], [[alienation|alienated]] from himself.
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The [[split]] is irreducible, can never be healed; there is no possibility of [[synthesis]].
  
The [[split]] is irreducible, can never be healed; there is no possibility of [[synthesis]].
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--
  
 
The [[split]] or '[[split|divided]] [[subject]]' is [[symbolization|symbolised]] by the [[bar]] which strikes through the <i>'''S'''</i> to produce the [[bar]]red [[subject]], <i>'''$'''</i>.<ref>{{E}} p.288</ref>
 
The [[split]] or '[[split|divided]] [[subject]]' is [[symbolization|symbolised]] by the [[bar]] which strikes through the <i>'''S'''</i> to produce the [[bar]]red [[subject]], <i>'''$'''</i>.<ref>{{E}} p.288</ref>
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It thus indicates the [[presence]] of the [[unconscious]], and is an effect of the [[signifier]].  
 
It thus indicates the [[presence]] of the [[unconscious]], and is an effect of the [[signifier]].  
  
The [[subject]] is [[split]] by the very fact that he is a "[[speaking being]],"<ref>{{E}} p.269</ref> because [[speech]] [[divides]] the [[subject]] of the [[enunciation]] from the [[subject]] of the statement.  
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The [[subject]] is [[split]] by the very fact that he is a "[[speaking being]],"<ref>{{E}} p.269</ref> because [[speech]] [[divides]] the [[subject]] of the [[enunciation]] from the [[subject]] of the [[statement]].  
  
 
In his [[seminar]] of 1964-5 [[Lacan]] theorises the [[split]] [[subject]] in terms of a [[division]] between [[truth]] and [[knowledge]] (''[[savoir]]'').<ref>{{Ec}} p.856)</ref>
 
In his [[seminar]] of 1964-5 [[Lacan]] theorises the [[split]] [[subject]] in terms of a [[division]] between [[truth]] and [[knowledge]] (''[[savoir]]'').<ref>{{Ec}} p.856)</ref>
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[[Category:Jacques Lacan]]
 
[[Category:Jacques Lacan]]
 
[[Category:Terms]]
 
[[Category:Terms]]
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[[Category:Dictionary]]
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[[Category:Subject]]
 
[[Category:Concepts]]
 
[[Category:Concepts]]
 
[[Category:Real]]
 
[[Category:Real]]
 
[[Category:Psychoanalysis]]
 
[[Category:Psychoanalysis]]

Revision as of 18:44, 30 July 2006

Sigmund Freud

Freud talks about the "splitting of the ego" (German: Ich-spaltung, French: clivage du moi) as a process, observable in fetishism and psychosis, whereby two contradictory attitudes come to exist side by side in the ego - acceptance and disavowal.[1]


Freud talks about the "splitting of the ego" (German: Ich-spaltung, French: clivage du moi) in his analysis of fetishism and psychosis as the process in which two contradictory attitudes come to exist side by side in the ego - acceptance and disavowal.[2]

Jacques Lacan

Lacan expands the concept of Spaltung (from a process unique to fetishism or psychosis) to a general characteristic of subjectivity itself; the subject can never be anything other than divided, split, alienated from himself.

The split is irreducible, can never be healed; there is no possibility of synthesis.

--

The split or 'divided subject' is symbolised by the bar which strikes through the S to produce the barred subject, $.[3]

The split denotes the impossibility of the ideal of a fully present self-consciousness.

The subject will never know himself completely, but will always be cut off from his own knowledge.

It thus indicates the presence of the unconscious, and is an effect of the signifier.

The subject is split by the very fact that he is a "speaking being,"[4] because speech divides the subject of the enunciation from the subject of the statement.

In his seminar of 1964-5 Lacan theorises the split subject in terms of a division between truth and knowledge (savoir).[5]


See Also

References

  1. Freud. 1940b.
  2. Freud. 1940b.
  3. Lacan, Jacques. Écrits: A Selection. Trans. Alan Sheridan. London: Tavistock Publications, 1977. p.288
  4. Lacan, Jacques. Écrits: A Selection. Trans. Alan Sheridan. London: Tavistock Publications, 1977. p.269
  5. Lacan, Jacques. Écrits. Paris: Seuil, 1966. p.856)