Difference between revisions of "Split"

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==Sigmund Freud==
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=====Sigmund Freud=====
[[Freud]] talks about the "[[splitting of the ego]]" ([[German]]: ''[[Ich-spaltung]]'', [[French]]: ''[[clivage du moi]]'') as a process, observable in [[fetishism]] and [[psychosis]], whereby two contradictory attitudes come to exist side by side in the [[ego]] - acceptance and [[disavowal]].<ref>{{F}} (1940 [1938]) "Splitting of the Ego in the Process of Defence." [[SE]] XXIII. p.273</ref>
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[[Freud]] talks about the "[[splitting of the ego]]" ([[German]]: ''[[Ich-spaltung]]'', [[French]]: ''[[clivage du moi]]'') as a process -- observable in [[fetishism]] and [[psychosis]] -- whereby two contradictory attitudes come to exist side by side in the [[ego]]: acceptance and [[disavowal]].<ref>{{F}} (1940 [1938]) "Splitting of the Ego in the Process of Defence." [[SE]] XXIII. p.273</ref>
  
==Jacques Lacan==
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=====Jacques Lacan=====
[[Lacan]] expands the concept of ''[[Spaltung]]'' (from a process unique to [[fetishism]] or [[psychosis]]) to a general characteristic of [[subject]]ivity itself; the [[subject]] can never be anything other than [[divided]], [[split]], [[alienation|alienated]] from himself.
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[[Lacan]] expands the concept of ''[[Spaltung]]'' -- from a process unique to [[fetishism]] or [[psychosis]] -- to a general characteristic of [[subject]]ivity itself; the [[subject]] can never be anything other than [[split]], [[divided]] and [[alienation|alienated]] from himself.
  
 
The [[split]] is irreducible, can never be healed; there is no possibility of [[synthesis]].
 
The [[split]] is irreducible, can never be healed; there is no possibility of [[synthesis]].
  
==More==
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=====Barred Subject=====
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[[Image:Lacan-saussureanalgorithm.jpg|thumb|[[Saussurean algorithm|The Saussurean algorithm]]]]
  
The [[split]] or '[[split|divided]] [[subject]]' is [[symbolization|symbolised]] by the [[bar]] which strikes through the <i>'''S'''</i> to produce the [[bar]]red [[subject]], <i>'''$'''</i>.<ref>{{E}} p.288</ref>
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The [[split]] or [[divided]] [[subject]] is [[symbolization|symbolised]] by the [[bar]] which strikes through the <i>'''S'''</i> to produce the [[bar]]red [[subject]], [[Image:StrikeS.gif]].<ref>{{E}} p.288</ref>
  
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=====Self-Consciousness=====
 
The [[split]] denotes the [[impossibility]] of the [[ideal]] of a fully present [[self-consciousness]].
 
The [[split]] denotes the [[impossibility]] of the [[ideal]] of a fully present [[self-consciousness]].
  
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It thus indicates the [[presence]] of the [[unconscious]], and is an effect of the [[signifier]].  
 
It thus indicates the [[presence]] of the [[unconscious]], and is an effect of the [[signifier]].  
  
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=====Speech=====
 
The [[subject]] is [[split]] by the very fact that he is a "[[speaking being]],"<ref>{{E}} p.269</ref> because [[speech]] [[divides]] the [[subject]] of the [[enunciation]] from the [[subject]] of the [[statement]].  
 
The [[subject]] is [[split]] by the very fact that he is a "[[speaking being]],"<ref>{{E}} p.269</ref> because [[speech]] [[divides]] the [[subject]] of the [[enunciation]] from the [[subject]] of the [[statement]].  
  
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=====Truth and Knowledge=====
 
In his [[seminar]] of 1964-5 [[Lacan]] theorises the [[split]] [[subject]] in terms of a [[division]] between [[truth]] and [[knowledge]] (''[[savoir]]'').<ref>{{Ec}} p.856</ref>
 
In his [[seminar]] of 1964-5 [[Lacan]] theorises the [[split]] [[subject]] in terms of a [[division]] between [[truth]] and [[knowledge]] (''[[savoir]]'').<ref>{{Ec}} p.856</ref>
  
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[[Category:Real]]
 
[[Category:Real]]
 
[[Category:Psychoanalysis]]
 
[[Category:Psychoanalysis]]
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Revision as of 01:59, 18 August 2006

Sigmund Freud

Freud talks about the "splitting of the ego" (German: Ich-spaltung, French: clivage du moi) as a process -- observable in fetishism and psychosis -- whereby two contradictory attitudes come to exist side by side in the ego: acceptance and disavowal.[1]

Jacques Lacan

Lacan expands the concept of Spaltung -- from a process unique to fetishism or psychosis -- to a general characteristic of subjectivity itself; the subject can never be anything other than split, divided and alienated from himself.

The split is irreducible, can never be healed; there is no possibility of synthesis.

Barred Subject

The split or divided subject is symbolised by the bar which strikes through the S to produce the barred subject, StrikeS.gif.[2]

Self-Consciousness

The split denotes the impossibility of the ideal of a fully present self-consciousness.

The subject will never know himself completely, but will always be cut off from his own knowledge.

It thus indicates the presence of the unconscious, and is an effect of the signifier.

Speech

The subject is split by the very fact that he is a "speaking being,"[3] because speech divides the subject of the enunciation from the subject of the statement.

Truth and Knowledge

In his seminar of 1964-5 Lacan theorises the split subject in terms of a division between truth and knowledge (savoir).[4]

See Also

References

  1. Freud, Sigmund. (1940 [1938]) "Splitting of the Ego in the Process of Defence." SE XXIII. p.273
  2. Lacan, Jacques. Écrits: A Selection. Trans. Alan Sheridan. London: Tavistock Publications, 1977. p.288
  3. Lacan, Jacques. Écrits: A Selection. Trans. Alan Sheridan. London: Tavistock Publications, 1977. p.269
  4. Lacan, Jacques. Écrits. Paris: Seuil, 1966. p.856