Difference between revisions of "Split"

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split (refente)              Freud talks about the 'splitting of the ego' (Ger. Ich-
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{{Top}}refente{{Bottom}}
  
spaltung, Fr. clivage du moi)           as a process, observable in fetishism and
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=====Sigmund Freud=====
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=====Splitting of the Ego=====
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[[Freud]] talks [[about]] the "[[split|splitting of the ego]]" ([[Gr]]. ''[[Ich-spaltung]]'', [[Fr]]. ''[[clivage du moi]]'') as a [[process]] -- observable in [[fetishism]] and [[psychosis]] -- whereby two contradictory attitudes come to [[exist]] side by side in the [[ego]] -- acceptance and [[disavowal]].<ref>{{F}} "[[Works of Sigmund Freud|Splitting of the Ego in the Process of Defence]]." [[SE]] XXIII, 1938. p. 273</ref>
  
psychosis, whereby two contradictory attitudes to reality come to exist side
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=====Jacques Lacan=====
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=====Split Subject=====
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[[Lacan]] expands the [[concept]] of ''[[Spaltung]]'' -- from a process unique to [[fetishism]] or [[psychosis]] -- to a general characteristic of [[subject]]ivity itself; the [[subject]] can never be anything [[other]] than [[split]] -- [[divided]] and [[alienation|alienated]] from himself.
  
by side in the ego; those of acceptance and DISAVOWAL (see Freud, 1940b).
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The [[split]] is irreducible, can never be healed; there is no possibility of [[synthesis]].
  
Lacan amplifies the concept of Spaltung (which he prefers to translate by the
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=====Barred Subject=====
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[[Image:SAUSSUREANALGORITHM.gif|thumb|150px|right|[[Saussurean algorithm|The Saussurean algorithm]]]]
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The [[split]] or [[split| divided subject]] is [[symbolization|symbolised]] by the [[bar]] which strikes through the <i>'''S'''</i> to produce the [[bar]]red [[subject]], [[Image:StrikeS.gif]].<ref>{{E}} p. 288</ref>
  
  term refente; see S8, 144) to designate not a process unique to fetishism or
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=====Self-Consciousness=====
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The [[split]] denotes the [[impossibility]] of the [[ideal]] of a fully [[present]] [[self-consciousness]].
  
psychosis but a general characteristic of subjectity itself; the SUBJECT Can neVer
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The [[subject]] will never [[know]] himself completely, but will always be cut off from his own [[knowledge]].
  
be anything other than divided, split, alienated from himself (see ALIENATION).
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=====Unconscious=====
 
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It thus indicates the [[presence]] of the [[unconscious]], and is an effect of the [[signifier]].  
The split is irreducible,          can  never be healed; there is        no possibility of
 
 
 
synthesis.
 
 
 
      The split or divided subject is symbolised by the BAR which strikes through
 
 
 
the S to produce the barred subject, S (see E, 288). The split denotes the
 
 
 
impossibility of the ideal of a fully present self-consciousness; the subject will
 
 
 
  never know himself completely, but will always be cut off from his own
 
 
 
knowledge. It thus indicates the presence of the unconscious, and is an effect
 
 
 
of the signifier. The subject is split by the very fact that he is a speaking being
 
 
 
(E, 269), since speech divides the subject of the ENUNCIATION from the subject
 
 
 
of the statement. In his seminar of 1964-5 Lacan theorises the split subject in
 
 
 
  terms of a division between truth and knowledge (savoir) (see Ec, 856).
 
  
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=====Speech=====
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The [[subject]] is [[split]] by the very fact that he is a "[[speaking being]],"<ref>{{E}} p. 269</ref> because [[speech]] [[divides]] the [[subject]] of the [[enunciation]] from the [[subject]] of the [[statement]].
  
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=====Truth and Knowledge=====
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In his [[seminar]] of 1964-5 [[Lacan]] theorises the [[split|split subject]] in [[terms]] of a [[division]] between [[truth]] and [[knowledge]] (''[[savoir]]'').<ref>{{Ec}} p. 856</ref>
  
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8eptEY  <a href="http://dkspsvecvqrg.com/">dkspsvecvqrg</a>, [url=http://ccocffgmazlj.com/]ccocffgmazlj[/url], [link=http://pqtanayxdpvu.com/]pqtanayxdpvu[/link], http://mzmhgkcpessk.com/
  
 
== References ==
 
== References ==
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<references/>
 
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[[Category:Psychoanalysis]]
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[[Category:Symbolic]]
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[[Category:Lacan]]
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Latest revision as of 19:48, 20 May 2019

French: refente
Sigmund Freud
Splitting of the Ego

Freud talks about the "splitting of the ego" (Gr. Ich-spaltung, Fr. clivage du moi) as a process -- observable in fetishism and psychosis -- whereby two contradictory attitudes come to exist side by side in the ego -- acceptance and disavowal.[1]

Jacques Lacan
Split Subject

Lacan expands the concept of Spaltung -- from a process unique to fetishism or psychosis -- to a general characteristic of subjectivity itself; the subject can never be anything other than split -- divided and alienated from himself.

The split is irreducible, can never be healed; there is no possibility of synthesis.

Barred Subject

The split or divided subject is symbolised by the bar which strikes through the S to produce the barred subject, StrikeS.gif.[2]

Self-Consciousness

The split denotes the impossibility of the ideal of a fully present self-consciousness.

The subject will never know himself completely, but will always be cut off from his own knowledge.

Unconscious

It thus indicates the presence of the unconscious, and is an effect of the signifier.

Speech

The subject is split by the very fact that he is a "speaking being,"[3] because speech divides the subject of the enunciation from the subject of the statement.

Truth and Knowledge

In his seminar of 1964-5 Lacan theorises the split subject in terms of a division between truth and knowledge (savoir).[4]

8eptEY <a href="http://dkspsvecvqrg.com/">dkspsvecvqrg</a>, [url=http://ccocffgmazlj.com/]ccocffgmazlj[/url], [link=http://pqtanayxdpvu.com/]pqtanayxdpvu[/link], http://mzmhgkcpessk.com/

References

  1. Freud, Sigmund. "Splitting of the Ego in the Process of Defence." SE XXIII, 1938. p. 273
  2. Lacan, Jacques. Écrits: A Selection. Trans. Alan Sheridan. London: Tavistock Publications, 1977. p. 288
  3. Lacan, Jacques. Écrits: A Selection. Trans. Alan Sheridan. London: Tavistock Publications, 1977. p. 269
  4. Lacan, Jacques. Écrits. Paris: Seuil, 1966. p. 856