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=====Sigmund Freud=====
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=====Splitting of the Ego=====
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[[Freud]] talks [[about]] the "[[split|splitting of the ego]]" ([[Gr]]. ''[[Ich-spaltung]]'', [[Fr]]. ''[[clivage du moi]]'') as a [[process]] -- observable in [[fetishism]] and [[psychosis]] -- whereby two contradictory attitudes come to [[exist]] side by side in the [[ego]] -- acceptance and [[disavowal]].<ref>{{F}} "[[Works of Sigmund Freud|Splitting of the Ego in the Process of Defence]]." [[SE]] XXIII, 1938. p. 273</ref>
  
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=====Jacques Lacan=====
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=====Split Subject=====
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[[Lacan]] expands the [[concept]] of ''[[Spaltung]]'' -- from a process unique to [[fetishism]] or [[psychosis]] -- to a general characteristic of [[subject]]ivity itself; the [[subject]] can never be anything [[other]] than [[split]] -- [[divided]] and [[alienation|alienated]] from himself.
  
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The [[split]] is irreducible, can never be healed; there is no possibility of [[synthesis]].
  
[[Freud]] talks about the "splitting of the ego" (Ger. ''Ich-spaltung'', Fr. ''clivage du moi'') as a process, observable in [[fetishism]] and [[psychosis]], whereby two contradictory attitudes to reality come to exist side by side in the [[ego]]; those of acceptance and [[disavowal]].<ref>(see Freud, 1940b)</ref>
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=====Barred Subject=====
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[[Image:SAUSSUREANALGORITHM.gif|thumb|150px|right|[[Saussurean algorithm|The Saussurean algorithm]]]]
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The [[split]] or [[split| divided subject]] is [[symbolization|symbolised]] by the [[bar]] which strikes through the <i>'''S'''</i> to produce the [[bar]]red [[subject]], [[Image:StrikeS.gif]].<ref>{{E}} p. 288</ref>
  
[[Lacan]] amplifies the concept of ''Spaltung'' to designate not a process unique to [[fetishism]] or [[psychosis]] but a general characteristic of [[subject]]ivity itself.
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=====Self-Consciousness=====
The [[subject]] can never be anything other than divided, split, [[alienation|alienated]] from himself.
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The [[split]] denotes the [[impossibility]] of the [[ideal]] of a fully [[present]] [[self-consciousness]].
The [[split]] is irreducible, can never be healed; there is no possibility of synthesis.
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The [[split]] or '[[split|divided]] [[subject]]' is [[symbolization|symbolised]] by the [[bar]] which strikes through the S to produce the barred subject, S.<ref>(see E, 288)</ref>
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The [[subject]] will never [[know]] himself completely, but will always be cut off from his own [[knowledge]].  
The [[split]] denotes the [[impossibility]] of the ideal of a fully present [[self-consciousness]].
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The [[subject]] will never know himself completely, but will always be cut off from his own [[knowledge]].  
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=====Unconscious=====
 
It thus indicates the [[presence]] of the [[unconscious]], and is an effect of the [[signifier]].  
 
It thus indicates the [[presence]] of the [[unconscious]], and is an effect of the [[signifier]].  
The [[subject]] is [[split]] by the very fact that he is a 'speaking being',<ref>E 269</ref> since [[speech]] divides the [[subject]] of the [[enunciation]] from the [[subject]] of the statement.
 
In his [[seminar]] of 1964-5 [[Lacan]] theorises the [[split]] [[subject]] in terms of a division between [[truth]] and [[knowledge]] (''savoir'').<ref>(see Ec, 856)</ref>
 
  
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=====Speech=====
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The [[subject]] is [[split]] by the very fact that he is a "[[speaking being]],"<ref>{{E}} p. 269</ref> because [[speech]] [[divides]] the [[subject]] of the [[enunciation]] from the [[subject]] of the [[statement]].
  
== See Also==
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=====Truth and Knowledge=====
* [[Subject]]
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In his [[seminar]] of 1964-5 [[Lacan]] theorises the [[split|split subject]] in [[terms]] of a [[division]] between [[truth]] and [[knowledge]] (''[[savoir]]'').<ref>{{Ec}} p. 856</ref>
* [[Alienation]]
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8eptEY  <a href="http://dkspsvecvqrg.com/">dkspsvecvqrg</a>, [url=http://ccocffgmazlj.com/]ccocffgmazlj[/url], [link=http://pqtanayxdpvu.com/]pqtanayxdpvu[/link], http://mzmhgkcpessk.com/
  
 
== References ==
 
== References ==
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[[Category:Psychoanalysis]]
 
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Latest revision as of 19:48, 20 May 2019

French: refente
Sigmund Freud
Splitting of the Ego

Freud talks about the "splitting of the ego" (Gr. Ich-spaltung, Fr. clivage du moi) as a process -- observable in fetishism and psychosis -- whereby two contradictory attitudes come to exist side by side in the ego -- acceptance and disavowal.[1]

Jacques Lacan
Split Subject

Lacan expands the concept of Spaltung -- from a process unique to fetishism or psychosis -- to a general characteristic of subjectivity itself; the subject can never be anything other than split -- divided and alienated from himself.

The split is irreducible, can never be healed; there is no possibility of synthesis.

Barred Subject

The split or divided subject is symbolised by the bar which strikes through the S to produce the barred subject, StrikeS.gif.[2]

Self-Consciousness

The split denotes the impossibility of the ideal of a fully present self-consciousness.

The subject will never know himself completely, but will always be cut off from his own knowledge.

Unconscious

It thus indicates the presence of the unconscious, and is an effect of the signifier.

Speech

The subject is split by the very fact that he is a "speaking being,"[3] because speech divides the subject of the enunciation from the subject of the statement.

Truth and Knowledge

In his seminar of 1964-5 Lacan theorises the split subject in terms of a division between truth and knowledge (savoir).[4]

8eptEY <a href="http://dkspsvecvqrg.com/">dkspsvecvqrg</a>, [url=http://ccocffgmazlj.com/]ccocffgmazlj[/url], [link=http://pqtanayxdpvu.com/]pqtanayxdpvu[/link], http://mzmhgkcpessk.com/

References

  1. Freud, Sigmund. "Splitting of the Ego in the Process of Defence." SE XXIII, 1938. p. 273
  2. Lacan, Jacques. Écrits: A Selection. Trans. Alan Sheridan. London: Tavistock Publications, 1977. p. 288
  3. Lacan, Jacques. Écrits: A Selection. Trans. Alan Sheridan. London: Tavistock Publications, 1977. p. 269
  4. Lacan, Jacques. Écrits. Paris: Seuil, 1966. p. 856