Difference between revisions of "Split"

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[[Freud]] talks about the "splitting of the ego" (Ger. ''Ich-spaltung'', Fr. ''clivage du moi'') as a process, observable in [[fetishism]] and [[psychosis]], whereby two contradictory attitudes to reality come to exist side by side in the [[ego]]; those of acceptance and [[disavowal]].<ref>(see Freud, 1940b)</ref>
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==Sigmund Freud==
  
[[Lacan]] amplifies the concept of ''Spaltung'' to designate not a process unique to [[fetishism]] or [[psychosis]] but a general characteristic of [[subject]]ivity itself.
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[[Freud]] described the "[[splitting of the ego]]" ([[German]]: ''[[Ich-spaltung]]'', [[French]]: ''[[clivage du moi]]'') in his analysis of [[fetishism]] and [[psychosis]] as the process in which two contradictory attitudes come to exist side by side in the [[ego]] - [[acceptance]] and [[disavowal]].<ref>Freud. 1940b.</ref>
  
The [[subject]] can never be anything other than divided, split, [[alienation|alienated]] from himself.
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==Jacques Lacan==
  
The [[split]] is irreducible, can never be healed; there is no possibility of synthesis.
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[[Lacan]] expands the concept of ''[[spaltung]]'' (from a process unique to [[fetishism]] or [[psychosis]]) to a general characteristic of [[subject]]ivity itself.
  
The [[split]] or '[[split|divided]] [[subject]]' is [[symbolization|symbolised]] by the [[bar]] which strikes through the S to produce the barred subject, S.<ref>(see E, 288)</ref>
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The [[subject]] can never be anything other than [[divided]], [[split]], [[alienation|alienated]] from himself.
  
The [[split]] denotes the [[impossibility]] of the ideal of a fully present [[self-consciousness]].
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The [[split]] is irreducible, can never be healed; there is no possibility of [[synthesis]].
  
The [[subject]] will never know himself completely, but will always be cut off from his own [[knowledge]].  
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The [[split]] or '[[split|divided]] [[subject]]' is [[symbolization|symbolised]] by the [[bar]] which strikes through the <i>'''S'''</i> to produce the [[bar]]red [[subject]], <i>'''$'''</i>.<ref>{{E}} p.288</ref>
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 +
The [[split]] denotes the [[impossibility]] of the [[ideal]] of a fully present [[self-consciousness]].
 +
 
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The [[subject]] will never [[know]] himself [[completely]], but will always be cut off from his own [[knowledge]].  
  
 
It thus indicates the [[presence]] of the [[unconscious]], and is an effect of the [[signifier]].  
 
It thus indicates the [[presence]] of the [[unconscious]], and is an effect of the [[signifier]].  
  
The [[subject]] is [[split]] by the very fact that he is a 'speaking being',<ref>E 269</ref> since [[speech]] divides the [[subject]] of the [[enunciation]] from the [[subject]] of the statement.  
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The [[subject]] is [[split]] by the very fact that he is a "[[speaking being]],"<ref>{{E}} p.269</ref> because [[speech]] [[divides]] the [[subject]] of the [[enunciation]] from the [[subject]] of the statement.  
  
In his [[seminar]] of 1964-5 [[Lacan]] theorises the [[split]] [[subject]] in terms of a division between [[truth]] and [[knowledge]] (''savoir'').<ref>(see Ec, 856)</ref>
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In his [[seminar]] of 1964-5 [[Lacan]] theorises the [[split]] [[subject]] in terms of a [[division]] between [[truth]] and [[knowledge]] (''[[savoir]]'').<ref>{{Ec}} p.856)</ref>
  
  
 
== See Also==
 
== See Also==
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* [[Speech]]
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* [[Unconscious]]
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* [[Division]]
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* [[Signifier]]
 
* [[Subject]]
 
* [[Subject]]
 
* [[Alienation]]
 
* [[Alienation]]

Revision as of 03:26, 7 July 2006

Sigmund Freud

Freud described the "splitting of the ego" (German: Ich-spaltung, French: clivage du moi) in his analysis of fetishism and psychosis as the process in which two contradictory attitudes come to exist side by side in the ego - acceptance and disavowal.[1]

Jacques Lacan

Lacan expands the concept of spaltung (from a process unique to fetishism or psychosis) to a general characteristic of subjectivity itself.

The subject can never be anything other than divided, split, alienated from himself.

The split is irreducible, can never be healed; there is no possibility of synthesis.

The split or 'divided subject' is symbolised by the bar which strikes through the S to produce the barred subject, $.[2]

The split denotes the impossibility of the ideal of a fully present self-consciousness.

The subject will never know himself completely, but will always be cut off from his own knowledge.

It thus indicates the presence of the unconscious, and is an effect of the signifier.

The subject is split by the very fact that he is a "speaking being,"[3] because speech divides the subject of the enunciation from the subject of the statement.

In his seminar of 1964-5 Lacan theorises the split subject in terms of a division between truth and knowledge (savoir).[4]


See Also

References

  1. Freud. 1940b.
  2. Lacan, Jacques. Écrits: A Selection. Trans. Alan Sheridan. London: Tavistock Publications, 1977. p.288
  3. Lacan, Jacques. Écrits: A Selection. Trans. Alan Sheridan. London: Tavistock Publications, 1977. p.269
  4. Lacan, Jacques. Écrits. Paris: Seuil, 1966. p.856)