I only recently noticed that Nosubject.com has been offline... for some time. My apologies. The site is now back online. -- August 2017
The term "autonomous ego" was coined by the proponents of ego-psychology.
The autonomous ego is thus synomymous with "the strong ego," "the well-adapted ego," "the healthy ego."
Psychoanalysis was conceived of by the proponents of ego-psychology as the process of helping the analysand ego to become autonomous: this was supposed to be achieved by the identification of the analysand with the strong ego of the analyst.