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{{Top}}aliénation]]'', [[German]]: ''[[Entfremdung{{Bottom}}
==DefinitionSigmund Freud==The term "[[alienation]]", used by does not constitute part of [[Jacques LacanFreud]], implies both 's [[psychiatrictheory|theoretical]] and [[philosophical:category:concepts|vocabulary]] references.
It does not constitute part of ==Jacques Lacan==In [[FreudLacan]]'s [[theoryJacques Lacan:Bibliography|theoreticalwork]] the term implies both [[:category:concepts|vocabularypsychiatric]] and [[philosophical]]. references:
In ==Psychiatry== [[LacanFrench]][[psychiatry]] in the nineteenth century (e.g. Pinel) conceived of mental illness as ''s [[Works of Jacques Lacanalienation|workaliénation mentale]] the '', and a common term implies both in [[psychiatricFrench]] and for "[[madness|madman]]" is ''[[philosophicalalienation|aliéné]] references:.''<ref>{{Ec}} p. 154</ref>
==Psychiatry== [[French]] [[psychiatry]] in the nineteenth century (e.g. Pinel) conceived of mental illness as ''aliénation mentale'', and a common term in [[French]] for "[[madness|madman]]" is ''[[alienation|aliéné]].''<ref>{{Ec}} p. 154</ref> ==Philosophy==
The term "[[alienation]]" is the usual translation for the [[German]] term ''[[alienation|Entfremdung]]'' which features in the [[philosophy]] of [[Hegel]] and [[Marx]].
However, the [[Lacan]]ian concept of [[alienation]] differs greatly from the ways that the term is employed in the [[Hegel]]ian and [[Marx]]ist tradition.<ref>{{S11}} p. 215</ref>
For [[Lacan]], [[alienation]] is not an accident that befalls the [[subject]] and which can be transcended, but an essential constitutive feature of the [[subject]].
[[Alienation]] is an inevitable consequence of the process by which the [[ego]] is constituted by [[identification]] with the [[counterpart]]:
<blockquote>"the The initial synthesis of the ego is essentially an alter ego, it is alienated."<ref>{{S3}} p.39</ref></blockquote>
In Rimbaud's words, "I is an other."<ref>{{E}} p. 23</ref>
Thus [[alienation]] belongs to the [[imaginary]] [[order]]:
<blockquote>"Alienation is constitutive of the imaginary order. Alienation is the imaginary as such."<ref>{{S3}} p. 146</ref></blockquote>
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