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Schema L

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==Jacques Lacan==
The various "[[schemata]]" that begin to appear in [[Lacan]]'s [[work ]] in the 1950s are all attempts to [[formalize]] by means of [[diagrams ]] certain aspects of [[psychoanalytic theory]].
The [[schemata]] all consist of a [[number ]] of points connected by a number of vectors.
The first [[schema]] to appear in [[Lacan]]'s work is also the [[schema]] which he makes the most use of.
This [[schema]] is designated "''L''" because it resembles the upper-[[case ]] Greek ''lambda''.<ref>{{Ec}} p. 53</ref>
[[Lacan]] first introduces the [[schema]] in 1955, and it occupies a central [[place ]] in his work for the next few years.<ref>{{S2}} p. 243</ref>
Two years later, [[Lacan]] replaces this version of the [[schema]] with a newer, "simplified [[form]]."<ref>{{Ec}} p. 548; {{E}} p. 193</ref>
Although [[schema L]] allows many possible readings, the main point of the [[schema]] is to demonstrate that the [[symbolic]] relation (between the [[Other]] and the [[subject]]) is always blocked to a certain extent by the [[imaginary]] axis (between the [[ego]] and the [[specular image]]).
Because it has to [[pass ]] through the [[imaginary]] "wall of [[language]]," the [[discourse]] of the [[Other]] reaches the [[subject]] in an interrupted and [[inversion|inverted form]]. (see [[communication]])
The [[schema]] thus illustrates the opposition between the [[imaginary]] and the [[symbolic]] which is fundamental to [[Lacan]]'s conception of [[psychoanalysis]].
This is of [[practical ]] importance in the [[treatment]], since the [[analyst]] must usually intervene in the [[symbolic]] [[order]] rather than in the [[imaginary]].
Thus the [[schema]] also shows the [[position ]] of the [[analyst]] in the [[treatment]]:
<blockquote>"If one wants to position the [[analyst]] within this [[schema]] of the [[subject]]'s [[speech]], one can say that he is somewhere in A. At least he should be. If he enters into the coupling of the [[resistance]], which is just what he is taught not to do, then he speaks from a' and he will see himself in the [[subject]]."<ref>{{S3}} p. 161-2</ref></blockquote>
By positioning different elements in the four empty loci of the [[schema]], [[schema L]] can be used to analyze various sets of relations encountered in [[psychoanalytic treatment]].
For example [[Lacan]] uses it to [[analyse ]] the relations between [[Dora]] and the other [[people ]] in her story, <ref>{{S4}} p. 142-3</ref> and also to analyse the relations between the various people in the case of the young [[homosexual]] [[Woman]].<ref>{{S4}} p. 124-33</ref>.
==Intrasubjective Structure==
In addition to providing a map of [[intersubjective]] relations, [[schema L]] also represents [[intrasubjective]] [[structure]].
Thus it illustrates the [[decentering]] of the [[subject]], since the [[subject]] is not to be located only at the point marked '''S''', but over the [[whole ]] [[schema]].
<blockquote>"He is stretched over the four corners of the [[schema]]."<ref>{{E}} p. 194</ref></blockquote>
==Other Schemata==
In addition to [[schema L]] there are several other [[schemata]] that appear in [[Lacan]]'s work ([[schema R]]; schema I;<ref>{{E}} p. 197, 212</ref> the two [[schemata]]
of [[Sade]]<ref>{{Ec}} p.774, 778</ref>)
However, unlike [[schema L]], which serves as a constant point of reference for [[Lacan]] in the period 1954-7, each of these [[schemata]] only appears once in [[Lacan]]'s work. [ Liability Insurance NY]
By the [[time ]] the last of these [[schemata]] (the [[schemata]] of [[Sade]]) appear, in 1962, the [[schemata]] have already ceased to play an important part in [[Lacan]]'s [[discourse]], although it can be argued that they lay the groundwork for [[Lacan]]'s more rigorous [[topological]] work in the 1970s.
==See Also==
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