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The name ===Translation===Translator, Alan [[LacanSheridan]] gives , has decided to this [[process]] of [[identity]] construction is [[méconnaissance]]: "self-knowledge (''me-connaissance'') is synonymous with misunderstanding (''méconnaissance''), because the process by which retain the French [[egoword]] is formed in the . The [[mirror stagesense]] is at the same time the institution of [[alienation]].a "failure to recognize"<ref>Evans 109</ref> In a typically Lacanian play on words, Evans points to the fundamental constitutive feature of the imaginary order and of all imaginary processesor "misconstruction". The logic which lends this pun more weight that simply that of a clever word-play is that of an implicit grammar behind the imaginary [[identificationconcept]] of ego with is central to [[specular imageLacan]]. In contrast to the 's [[ego-idealthinking]] ("I want to be that"), the ego is a version of "I am that."11 The since, for him, [[symbolisationknowledge]] of this identification in this way allows us to see clearly into the irrationality governing the [[imaginary]]. The predicate "that" in the ego characterisation "I am that" deprives the subject ("I"''conaissance'') of its content; the descriptive verb "am" effectively becomes a transitive that reveals the hollowness of the ego in its attempt to attain wholeness through the identification is inextricably bound up with and assimilation of an endless variety of "thats''méconnaissance''." The [[illusion]]s of identification produced in the imaginary, "those of wholeness, synthesis, autonomy, duality and, above all, similarity"<ref>Evans 82</ref> thus turn out to be "surface appearances which are deceptive, observable phenomena which hide underlying structure."<ref>Evans 82 12</ref>
This process of The [[French]] term ''[[méconnaissance, originally conceived of by Lacan as merely a stopping point on ]]'' corresponds roughly to the path of psychic [[developmentEnglish]] [[words]] (in his work from 1936-1949), becomes a constitutive feature of the mental life of the individual as the mirror stage loses its temporal focus and takes on a spatial reference (from 1950 on)<ref>Evans 115.</ref>The "stade[[Méconnaissance|misunderstanding]]" of the original French formulation and "stade du miroir" expands its meaning to include not only the temporal "stage" of routine translation, but also the spatial [[Méconnaissance|misrecognition]]"stage" or "arena" of its secondary meaning.<ref>Evans 115</ref> In this expanded conceptualization of the lasting effects of the mirror stage as the inaugurating moment of the imaginary order However, the original méconnaissance that engenders the ego [[French]] term is compulsively repeated usually [[left]] untranslated when translating [[Lacan]] into [[English]] in a series of identifications order to show its close [[relationship]] with the term ''[[connaissance]]'' (and potentially disabling fixations on"[[knowledge]]") objects in their imaginary capacities (i.e. imaginary objects):
The mirror stage ===Neurotic Self-Knowledge===Thus, in the [[imaginary]] [[order]], [[knowledge|self-knowledge]] (''me-connaissance'') is a drama whose internal thrust is precipitated from insufficiency to anticipation – and synonymous with [[méconnaissance|misunderstanding]] (''[[méconnaissance]]''), because the [[process]] by which manufactures for the subject, caught up [[ego]] is formed in the lure of spatial identification, [[mirror stage]] is at the same [[time]] the succession institution of phantasies that extends [[alienation]] from a fragmented body-image to a form of its totality that I shall call orthopaedic – and, lastly, to the assumption of the armour [[symbolic]] determination of an alienating identity, which will mark with its rigid structure the subject’s entire mental development[[being]].<ref>Ecrits 4</ref>
The erstwhile transformative stage ===Paranoid Delusions===As well as being the [[structure]] of ego development thus becomes an enduring psychic ordinary [[neurotic]] [[knowledge|self-knowledge]], ''[[méconnaissance]]'' is also the [[structure ]] of [[paranoiac]] [[delusions]], which constitutes the unsymbolised interiority are described in [[terms]] of "identitya ''[[méconnaissance|méconnaissance systématique de la reéalité]]''.<ref>{{L}} " Coeval with [[Works of Jacques Lacan|Some Reflections on the egoEgo]], the imaginary thus persists as the ground on which it thrives" ''Int. J. [[Psycho]]-[[Anal]].'', vol. 34, holding its own against the violent encroachments of the real and the divisive incursions of the symbolic1953 [1951b]. p.12</ref>
Perhaps ===Paranoiac Knowledge===This [[structural]] homology between the best example ordinary [[constitution]] of the concrete instance of the imaginary identification between the [[ego ]] and imaginary objects [[paranoiac]] [[delusions]] is provided by the way in which advertising works what leads [[Lacan]] to create irrational but compelling associations with objectsdescribe all [[knowledge]] (''[[connaissance]]''), even in the face of the obvious incommensurability between the objects both [[neurosis]] and that which is associated with them. Thus most commonly clothing or automobile commercials will use only slim, attractive spokespeople in clean, hygienic[[psychosis]], and affluent surroundings as a way of creating matrices of imaginary associations around the objects for which they wish to create a desire. When the individual sees these associations made, he or she "recognises" some aspect of himself or herself in the imaginary field created around the object, identifies with it, and seeks to possess it as a concrete way of declaring his or her identity. The force of these imaginary identifications is manifest in the fact that even though they collapse into insipid manipulations with the least attempt at symbolisation (that is, representation in language, rather than merely by associations of images), they nonetheless persist as powerful determinants of individual ego-formations and behaviour patterns.13 In more theoretical terms, the original identificatory procedures which brought the ego into being [i.e. the mirror stage[knowledge|paranoiac knowledge]] are repeated and reinforced by the individual in his relationship with the external world of people and things. The imaginary is the scene of a desperate delusional attempt to be and to remain ‘what one is’ by gathering to oneself ever more instances of sameness, resemblance and self-replication; it is the birthplace of the narcissistic ‘ideal ego.’<ref>Bowie 92</ref>"
The circularity and self-referentiality of this process ===Ignorance===''[[Méconnaissance]]'' is abundantly clear in Bowie’s articulationto be distinguished from [[knowledge|ignorance]], as the ego both constructs an ideal version which is one of itself on the basis of various imaginary features with which it would like to be identified, and then acts as though it unpremeditatedly "recognises" itself in objects that bear an imaginary correspondence to that ideal[[three]] [[affect|passions]]. Basically, the imaginary Whereas [[knowledge|ignorance]] is a [[affect|passion]] for the scene in which the ego undertakes the perpetual and paradoxical practice [[absence]] of seeking "wholeness, synthesis, autonomy, duality and, above all, similarity" through identification with external objects. Each such identification is necessarily illusory, however[[knowledge]], as it ''[[méconnaissance]]'' is but an [[imaginary]] [[misrecognition]] of a pale imitation of the originary wholeness [[symbolic]] [[knowledge]] (''[[savoir]]'') that was sacrificed in the primal identification of the ego with its specular image in the mirror stage[[subject]] does possess somewhere.
There <blockquote>Misrecognition is, then, no room in Lacanian psychoanalysis for not [[ignorance]]. Misrecognition represents a conception certain organization of the self as some essential feature of one’s identity affirmations and negations, to which one the subject is attached. Hence it cannot be conceived without correlate knowledge... There must surely be true, which one must "find," and above all which one must know.14 The "self" as traditionally conceived is but a monumentalisation of the illusory ego; indeedbehind his misrecognition, Lacan goes so far as to state that this notion of a coherent "self" or ego is in fact a sign kind of pathology: "The ego is structured exactly like a symptom. At the heart knowledge of the subject, it what there is only a privileged symptom, the human symptom par excellence, the mental illness of manto misrecognize."<ref>Lacan {{S1 62, qtd}} p. in Evans 51167</ref> </blockquote> ==Ego Formation==Part of Lacan’s reaction against the line of philosophical thought that descends directly from DescartesAgain, this applies both in the abandonment ordinary [[construction]] of the self or [[ego as ]] and in [[paranoia]]. In the former [[case]], the primary category [[ego]] is basically a [[Méconnaissance|misrecognition]] of individual being is one with his insistence on the illusory nature [[symbolic]] determinants of [[subjectivity]] (the imaginary order and his allegiance to the supremacy [[discourse]] of the symbolic order: "Lacan sets out to inhabit [[Other]], the linguistic dimension that [[unconscious]]). In the Cartesian cogito failed to acknowledge. The subject latter case, [[paranoiac]] [[delusions]] always imply a [[Méconnaissance|recognition]] (''[[Méconnaissance|reconnaissance]]''), as is irremediably split evident in and by language[[Méconnaissance|systematic misunderstanding]] (''méconnaissance systématique''), but ‘modern man’ still has not learned this lessonwhere it must clearly be admitted that that which is denied is in some way [[Méconnaissance|recognized]] (''reconnu'')."<ref>Bowie 77{{Ec}} p.165</ref> Picking up where Freud left off, Lacan proposes to make this lesson inescapable.
==See Also==
* [[Alienation]]
* [[Being]]
* [[Delusion]]
* [[Ego]]
* [[Imaginary]]
* [[Knowledge]]
* [[Mirror stage]]
* [[Neurosis]]
* [[Other]]
* [[Paranoia]]
* [[Subject]]
* [[Symbolic]]
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[[Category:Jacques Lacan]]
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