Dreams and Myths
This essay is an exercise in applied psychoanalysis: reference can be made to introduction to the "Essays in Applied Psychoanalysis" written by Sigmund Freud in the first edition of Delusions and Dreams in Jensen's "Gradiva" (1907a ), as well as to Freud's essay "Creative Writers and Day-dreaming" (1908e ). Abraham's essay can be compared to Franz Riklin's "Réalisation de désir et de symbolisme dans le conte" (Desire and symbolism in tales; 1908).
Abraham compared collective myths with dreams and located the following similarities: both make use of symbolic imagery; both are the products of human fantasy aimed at the fulfillment of wishes; both are subject to censorship and the same defense mechanisms: "Myths are what survives of the psychic life of peoples; dreams are individual myths," he wrote. This same theme was subsequently discussed by Otto Rank, Theodor Reik, and Géza Róheim before interest in it faded.
See also: Abraham, Karl; Applied psychoanalysis and the interaction of psychoanalysis; Dream; Myth; Mythology and psychoanalysis; Primitive.