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"[[Name-of-the-Father]] ([[Fr]]. ''[[{{Topp}}Nom-du-Père]]''){{Bottom}}
==Jacques Lacan=====Symbolic Father===When the expression "[[Name-of-the-Father|the name of the father]]" first appeared in Lacan’s [[Lacan]]’s [[work]], in the early 1950s, it is without [[capital ]] letters and refers generally to the "[[prohibition|'''legislative''' and '''prohibitive role]]" ''' function of the "'''[[symbolic]] [[father]]'''" as the one who lays down the [[incesttaboo]] on [[tabooincest]] in the '''[[Oedipus complex]]'''.
<blockquote>"It is in the '[[Name-of-the-Father|name of the father]]' that we must recognize the support of the '''symbolic function ''' which, from the dawn of [[history]], has [[identified ]] his person with '''the [[figure ]] of the law'''."<ref>{{E}} p.67</ref></blockquote>
===Legislative and Prohibitive Function===
The rexpression is at once a semi-humorous [[religion|religious]] allusion and a play on the near-homonyms '''''non''''' and '''''nom''''': the '''[[name-of-the-father]]''' ('''''le nom du père''''') is also the [[father]]'s "'''no'''" ('''''le "non" du père''''') to the [[child]]'s [[incest]]uous '''[[desire]]''' for its '''[[mother]]'''. (the '''[[law|legislative and prohibitive function]]''' of the '''[[symbolic]] [[father]]''')
===Fundamental Signifier===In [[Lacan]]'s 1955-6 [[seminar]], [[The Psychoses]], the expression becomes capitalized and hyphenated and takes on a more precise [[meaning]]; the [[Name-of-the-Father]] is described as the '''[[fundamental signifier]]''' which permits '''[[signification]]''' to proceed normally.
The [[Name-of-the-Father]] both confers [[identity]] on [[human]] [[subject]]s (by situating [[them]] in a lineage and the [[symbolic]] [[order]]), and [[signification|signifies]] the '''[[Oedipus complex|Oedipal]] [[law|prohibition]]''', the ''''no'''' of the [[incest]] [[taboo]].
From the beginning ===Foreclosure===The [[Lacanforeclosure]] plays on the homophony of ''le nom du père'' (this [[fundamental signifier]], or its [[expulsion]] from the name of the father) and [[subject]]''le 'non' du père'' (the 'no' of the father)s [[symbolic|symbolic universe]], is said by [[Lacan]] to emphasize the legislative and prohibitive function of be the [[symbolicmechanism]] that triggers '''[[fatherpsychosis]]'''.
===Paternal Metaphor===[[Image:NOTF.gif|thumb|404px|right|The paternal metaphor]]In [[another]] work on [[psychosis]], [[Lacan]] represents the '''[[Oedipus complex]]''' as a '''[[metaphor]]''' ('''[[paternal metaphor]]'''), in which one [[signifier]] (the [[Name-of-the-Father]]) [[metaphor|substitutes]] another (the [[desire]] of the [[mother]]).
A few years later, in the seminar on the psychoses, the expression becomes capitalized and hyphenated and takes on a more precise meaning; the ==See Also=={{See}}* [[Castration]]* [[Name-of-the-Father]] is now the funndamental signifier which permits significaiton to proceed normally.* [[Foreclosure]] ||* [[Law]]* [[Metaphor]] * [[Oedipus complex]]||* [[Paternal metaphor]]* [[Psychosis]] * [[Seminar]]||* [[Signification]]* [[Signifier]] * [[Symbolic]]{{Also}}
This fundamental signifier both confers identity on the subject (it names him, positions him within the symbolic order) and signifies the Oedipal prohibition, the 'no' of the incest taboo.==References==<div style="font-size:11px" class="references-small"><references/></div> If this signifier is foreclosed (not included in the symbolic order), the result is [[psychosiscategory:Freudian psychology]].[[Category:Linguistics]]-- In another work on psychosis, Lacan represents of the Oedipus complex as a metaphor ([[paternal metaphorCategory:Language]]), in which one signifier (the [[Name-of-the-FatherCategory:Symbolic]]) substitutes another (the desire of the mother).{{OK}}__NOTOC__ __NOEDITSECTION__
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