# Changes

## Algebra

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{{Topp}}algèbre{{Bottom}}

[[Algebra]] ~~(~~is a branch of [[~~French~~mathematics]]~~: ''~~which reduces the solution of problems to manipulations of [[~~algèbre~~symbolic]]~~'')~~expressions.

==Formalization==

In 1955, [[Lacan]] begins to use [[algebraic]] [[symbol]]s -- in an attempt to [[formalize]] [[psychoanalysis]].

[[~~Algebra~~Three]] ~~(~~main reasons lie behind this attempt at [[~~French~~formalization]]~~: ''[[algèbre]]'') is a branch of [[mathematics]] which reduces the solution of problems to manipulations of [[symbolic]] expressions~~.

:1. [[~~Formalisation~~Formalization]] ~~can provide a core of ~~is necessary for [[~~psychoanalytic theory~~psychoanalysis]]to acquire [[scientific]] status.

:2. [[~~Jacques Lacan~~Formalization]] ~~begins to use ~~can provide a core of [[~~algebraic~~psychoanalytic theory]] ~~[[symbol]]s in 1955 (in an attempt ~~which can be transmitted integrally even to those who have never experienced [[~~formalise]] [[psychoanalysis~~psychoanalytic treatment]]~~)~~.

:The [[~~Jacques Lacan~~matheme|formulae]] ~~attempted to ~~thus become an essential aspect of the [[training]] of [[psychoanalysis]] which take their [[~~formalize~~place]] alongside [[~~psychoanalytic theory~~training|training analysis]] ~~in terms ~~as a medium for the transmission of [[~~algebraic~~psychoanalytic]] [[~~symbols~~knowledge]].

:3. [[Formalization]] of [[psychoanalytic theory]] in [[terms]] of [[algebraic]] [[symbols]] is a means of preventing [[knowledge|intuitive understanding]], which [[Lacan]] ~~used quasi-mathematical formulae in ~~regards as an ~~attempt to set ~~[[~~psychoanalysis~~imaginary]] [[lure]] ~~on a more ~~which hinders access to the [[~~scientific~~symbolic]] ~~footing~~.

:Rather than [[~~Formalisation~~being]] ~~is necessary for ~~[[~~psychoanalysis~~understood]] in an intuitive way, the [[algebraic]] ~~to acquire ~~[[~~scientific~~symbols]] ~~status~~are to be used, manipulated and read in various different ways.<ref>{{E}} p. 313</ref>

==List==[[Image:Lacan-algebra.jpg|thumb|right|[[List of algebraic symbols]]]]The [[algebraic]] [[symbol]]s ~~are to be ~~usedby [[Lacan]], ~~manipulated ~~which appear principally in the [[matheme]]s, [[schema l]] and ~~read in various different ways.<ref>{{E}} p~~the [[graph of desire]], are [[List of Algebraic Symbols|listed here]], together with their most common [[meaning]].~~313</ref>~~

''[[List of algebraic symbols|Click here]] to view the [[List of Algebraic Symbols]]''

==Development==

It is important to [[remember]] that the [[symbol]]s do not always refer to the same [[concept]] throughout [[Lacan]]'s [[work]], but are used in different ways as his work develops. Therefore some caution should be exercised when referring to the [[list]] of [[equivalences]] above.

==Details==

The typographic details and diacritics are extremely important in [[Lacan]]ian [[algebra]].

The [[difference]] between upper- and lower-[[case]] [[symbol]]s, the difference between italicised and non-italicised [[symbol]]s, the use of the apostrophe, the minus [[sign]], and subscripts; all these details play their part in the [[algebraic]] [[system]]. For example the upper-case letters usually refer to the [[symbolic]] [[order]], whereas the lower-case letters usually refer to the [[imaginary]]. The use of the [[bar]] is also important.

==References==

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<references/>

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[[Category:Psychoanalysis]]

[[Category:Jacques Lacan]]

[[Category:Science]]

[[Category:Dictionary]]

[[Category:Concepts]]

[[Category:Terms]]

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