Lacan refers this term befcause, being derived fromt eh gerund, it indicates that the one who lies on the counch is the one who does most of the work.
THis contrasts with the old term (psych)analysé which, being derived from teh passive participle, suggests either a less active participation in the analytic process, or that the analytic process has finished.
In Lacan's view, the analysand is not 'anaysand' by the anlayst; it is the analysand who analyzes and the task of the analyst is to help him to analyze well. The term "psychoanalysand" (Fr. psychanalysant) -- or "analysand" (Fr. analysant) -- refers to the patient in psychoanalytic treatment.
Early psychoanalysis emphasized the active role of the psychoanalyst, who intervened, interpreted, "analyzed," and the patient was, at least in theory, the person on whom some form of therapeutic activity was practiced.
As psychoanalysis developed and spread, and as increasing emphasis was placed on the transference and counter-transference in the dynamics of therapy, the patient turned out to be at least as, and sometimes more, active than the analyst.
Lacan prefers this term because, being derived from the gerund, it indicates that the one who lies on the couch is the one who does most of the work.
active participation in the analytic process
- Lacan, Jacques. 1967. p.18
- Lacan, 1967: 18